INTRODUCTION TO BIOLOGY AND ITS BRANCHES
Mar 28, · The Main Branches of Biology. A through C. • Aerobiology is the study of airborne organic particles. • Agriculture is the study of producing crops and raising livestock. • Anatomy is the study of the internal structures of living things. • . 80 rows · Biology - Branches of Biology - The following table illustrates the different branches of .
The science which deals with the study of living objects and their life processes is called biology Greek words, bios — life, logos — study. It covers all aspect of the study of living creatures like occurrence, classification, ecology, economic importance, external form, organization, internal structure, nutrition, health and other body functions, reproduction, life history, inheritance and origin.
Being broad — based and multi- disciplinary, the term biology is often replaced by the term life sciences or biological sciences. The term biology was coined by Lamarck. There are three major branches of biology — botany, zoology and microbiology. Botany is the branch of biology which deals with the study of different aspects of plants.
Theophrastus is known as the father of Botany. Zoology is the branch of biology connected with the study of different aspects of animals. Aristotle is known as the father of Zoology. Microbiology is the branch of biology dealing with the study of different aspects of microorganism. Leeuwenhoek is known as the father of Microbiology.
Taxonomy: I t is the science of identification, nomenclature and classification of organisms. Morphology: It is the study of external form, size, shape, colour, structure and relative position of various living organ of living beings.
Anatomy: It is the study of internal structure which can be observed with unaided eye after dissection. Histology: It is the study of tissue organization what is the definition of cautiously structure as observed through light microscope. Cytology: It is the study of form and structure of cells what does muchas felicidades mean the behavior of nucleus and other organelles 6.
Cell Biology: It is the study of morphological, organizational, biochemical, physiological, genetic, developmental, pathological and evolutionary aspects of cell and its components. Molecular Biology: It is the study of the nature, physicochemical organization, synthesis working and interaction of bio-molecules that bring about and control various activities of the protoplasm.
Physiology: It is the study of different types of body functions and processes. Embryology: It is the study of fertilization, growth, division and differentiation of the zygote into embryo or early development of living beings before the attainment of structure and size of the offspring. Ecology: It is the study of living organisms is relation to other organism and their environment.
Genetics: It is the study of inheritance of characters or heredity and variations. Heredity is the study of expression and transmission of traits from parents to offspring. Eugenics: It is the science which deals with factors related to improvement or impairment of race, especially that of human beings. Evolution: It studies the origin of life as well as new types of organism from the previous ones by modifications involving genetic changes and adaptations.
Palaeontology: It deals with the how much is an ipod touch 4th generation 8gb worth of fossils or remains and impressions of past organisms present in the rocks of different ages. Exobiology: It is the branch of scientific inquiry dealing with the possibility of life in the outer space.
Virology: It is the study of viruses in all their aspects. The branch of science which deals with the study of total general structures and forms including shape, size and appearance. The branch of science which deals with the study of internal structures after cutting or dissection. This branch deals with form of land used on which herbaceous crops and trees crops are cultivated. Branch of science which deals with the study of chemical reactions in relations to life activities. Use of biological organisms in commercial processes for producing fine chemicals such as drugs, vaccines and harmones etc.
Study of improvement of human race by applying laws of heredity. It applied before birth. Eugenics is related with future generation.
Study of improvement of human race by drug treatment or gene engineering i. Study of improvement of human race by improving environment. It applied after birth and is related with present generation. The branch of science which deals with the study of origin of new from old i. Study of sensory or sensari-emotional values, sometimes called judgments of sentiment and taste.
General Science. General Studies. Site Search Search. How to Prepare? Organized form of Knowledge or systematic knowledge i. The branch of science which deals with the study of tissue i. Study of embryo i. Study of wine including diseases and the abnormalities of uninary and urino-genital tract. The branch of science which deals with the study of distribution of animals on earth.
Main divisions and Branches of biology
1. Evolutionary Biology. It is the broader branch of biology concerned with the origin, diversification, and adaptation of life forms on Earth. It also encompasses other disciplines of biology such as systematics, genetics, ecology, and paleontology. Biology is a branch of science and for our convenience; biology is further divided into various branches like Ecology, Embryology, Physiology, External Morphology, Internal Morphology or Anatomy, Histology, Evolution, Genetics etc.
Botany, biophysics, ecology and agriculture are some of the branches of biology and here, we shall take a look at these branches in brief. Biology is the science that studies about various living organisms. A living organism could be a one-celled bacteria or a several-celled organism such as an animal or a plant.
Biological science is classified into various branches, depending upon the organisms to be studied, and is a vast field.
Would you like to write for us? Well, we're looking for good writers who want to spread the word. Get in touch with us and we'll talk This is a branch of biology that studies animals.
Zoology is divided into Applied Zoology , the study of production and non production animals, Systematic Zoology , dealing with evolution and taxonomy or science of naming living things and Organismal Zoology , the study of animals in our biosphere.
One of the sub branches is entomology, which is exclusively based on insects. It concentrates on studying the taxonomy, features, adaptations, roles and behavior of insects. Truly speaking, ethology comes under zoology and deals with behavioral adaptations of animals, specially in their natural or original dwelling places.
Applicable to plant anatomy and animal anatomy, it involves studying the detailed structure, internal organs and the respective functions of an organism. Physiology is defined as the study of various functions and processes of living organisms. Physiology is further divided into Evolutionary Physiology , which is the study of physiological evolution, Cell Physiology — the study of cell mechanism and interaction, Developmental Physiology , which involves the study of physiological processes in relation to embryonic evolution, Environmental Physiology , which deals with the study of response of plants to agents such as temperature, radiation and fire and Comparative Physiology , roughly explained as the study of animals except humans.
This is considered to be an interesting field of study and is a branch of biology. Genetics is the study of genes. This branch of biology studies about the hereditary aspects of all living organisms. The study of inheritance of traits from the parent had begun in the mid-nineteenth century and was pioneered by a renowned biologist Gregor Mendel.
The modern science of genetics is based upon the foundations laid down by this biologist. The study of plant life or phytology is known as botany. One of the most prominent among the different branches of biology, botany is a vast subject and studies the life and development of fungi, algae and plants.
Botany also probes into the structure, growth, diseases, chemical and physical properties, metabolism and evolution of the plant species.
Botany implies the importance of study of plant life on earth because they generate food, fibers, medicines, fuel and oxygen. As we all know, highly developed organism have evolved from simpler forms. There is a specific branch of biology, called evolution biology that focuses on the evolution of species. As the name signifies, development biology helps a student in learning the various phases of growth and development of a living creature. Ecology is a branch of biology that studies the interaction of various organisms with one another, and their chemical and physical environment.
This branch of biology studies environmental problems such as pollution and how it affects the eco-cycle. A German biologist, Ernst Haeckel, coined the term ecology in This deals with the effects of extremely low temperature in living cells and organisms as a whole. This branch of biology studies the chemical processes in all living organisms. Biochemistry is a branch of science that studies the functions of the cellular components such as nucleic acids, lipids, proteins and various other bio-molecules.
In-depth study about the cell along with its structure, function, parts and abnormalities are all studied under cell biology or cytology. Likewise, study of organisms at the molecular level is called molecular biology. Marine biology studies the ecosystem of the oceans, marine animals and plants. There is a vast portion of ocean life that is still unexplored.
You can rightly say that marine biology is a branch of oceanography, which is, again, a branch of biology. Bioinformatics basically relates to genomic studies with the application of data processing, computational knowledge and statistical applications.
According to modern-day taxonomy, fungi singular fungus is neither a plant nor an animal. It belongs to a different living group and is studied under the subject, mycology. Biophysics involves the study of relation between organisms or living cells and electrical or mechanical energy.
Biophysics is further divided into the following sub-branches: Molecular Biophysics , which defines biological functions in relation to dynamic behavior and molecular structure of various living systems such as viruses, Bio mechanics is the study of forces applied by muscles and gravity on the skeleton, Bio electricity — the study of electric currents flowing through muscles and nerves and static voltage of biological cells, Cellular Biophysics , which incorporates study of membrane function and structure, and cellular excitation and Quantum Biophysics , which includes the study of behavior of living matter at molecular and sub molecular level.
It involves study of life in water, like study of various species of animals, plants and micro-organisms. It incorporates the study of both freshwater and sea water organisms. Sometimes, aquatic biology is also referred to as limnology. Biology as a science gives us the opportunity to make observations, evaluate and solve problems that are related to plants and animals. If you are interested in biology, pursuing a career in any branch of biology can be immensely rewarding.
Earthworms are creatures that belong to the phylum Annelida. This article provides some information on the biology of earthworms. Learn some genetic engineering ethics when it comes to practices like cloning, that are in the eyes of many, immoral and a perverse attack on creation.
Read on to know more about the steps of photosynthesis, one of nature's most fascinating occurrence Necessary cookies are absolutely essential for the website to function properly. This category only includes cookies that ensures basic functionalities and security features of the website. These cookies do not store any personal information. Any cookies that may not be particularly necessary for the website to function and is used specifically to collect user personal data via analytics, ads, other embedded contents are termed as non-necessary cookies.
It is mandatory to procure user consent prior to running these cookies on your website. Skip to primary navigation Skip to main content Skip to footer Different Branches of Biology Botany, biophysics, ecology and agriculture are some of the branches of biology and here, we shall take a look at these branches in brief. Like it? Share it! Let's Work Together! Genetic Engineering Ethics Learn some genetic engineering ethics when it comes to practices like cloning, that are in the eyes of many, immoral and a perverse attack on creation.
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