Bacteria and Viruses
The bacteria and viruses that cause the most illnesses, hospitalizations, or deaths in the United States are described below and include: Campylobacter; Clostridium perfringens; E. coli; Listeria; Norovirus; Salmonella; Other important bacteria and viruses that cause foodborne illness include: Bacillus cereus; Botulism; Hepatitis A; Shigella. May 02, · Tuberculosis is one of the most common and widely distributed bacteria diseases in the human population. It is caused by bacteria called Mycobacterium Tuberculosis and mostly infects bones, lungs, brain, and the abdomen.
Official websites use. Share sensitive information only on official, secure websites. Bacteria and viruses are the most common cause of food poisoning. The symptoms and severity of food poisoning vary, depending on which bacteria or virus has contaminated the food. To prevent illness, always follow the food safety steps: clean cuases, separatecookand chill. Other prevention tips for specific bacteria and viruses are included below. The bacteria and viruses that cause the most illnesses, hospitalizations, or deaths in the United States are described below and include:.
Drink plenty of fluids and get rest. If you cannot drink enough fluids to prevent dehydration or if your symptoms are severe, call your doctor. Antibiotics are recommended only for patients who are very ill bacteeia are more likely to develop a serious illness, such as people with weakened immune systems.
Produce, shellfish, ready-to-eat foods touched by infected food workers salads, sandwiches, ice, cookies, fruitor any other foods contaminated with particles of vomit or feces from an infected person. Food: A variety of foods have been linked to Salmonella, including vegetables, chicken, pork, fruits, nuts, eggs, beef and sprouts.
Animals and their environments: Particularly reptiles snakes, turtles, lizardsamphibians frogsbirds commonlg chicks and pet food what bacteria commonly causes illnesses treats. Antibiotics are recommended only for patients who have a serious illness such as severe diarrhea, high fever, or bloodstream infectionor are more likely to develop a severe illness or complications infants, adults over 65 years old, and people with weakened immune illneszes.
If you are in a group more likely to get shat Vibrio infection, such as people with liver disease:. Menu FoodSafety. Enter the terms you wish to search for. Print Share. Bacteria and Viruses. The bacteria and viruses that cause the most illnesses, hospitalizations, or deaths in the United States are described below and include: Campylobacter Clostridium perfringens E.
Incubation period Diarrheal: hours Emetic vomiting : 30 minutes to 6 hours Hwat Diarrheal: Watery diarrhea and abdominal cramps Emetic vomiting : Illneses and vomiting Duration of illness 24 hours What to do Drink plenty of fluids and get rest.
If you cannot drink enough fluids to prevent dehydration, call your doctor. Sources Infants : Honey and products containing honey, such as infant ocmmonly filled with or dipped in honey. Infants, children and adults : Improperly home-canned or preserved foods, including low-acid vegetables and fermented fish; improperly canned commercial foods; herb-infused oils, baked potatoes in aluminum foil, cheese sauce, bottled garlic.
Incubation period Infants : days Children and adults: hours Comomnly Infants: Lethargy, poor feeding, constipation, weak crying, poor muscle tone appear "floppy". Children and adults: Double vision, blurred vision, drooping eyelids, slurred speech, difficulty swallowing, dry mouth, and muscle weakness. Duration of illness Variable What to do Botulism is a medical emergency.
If you have symptoms of botulism, see your doctor or go to the emergency room immediately. Prevention Follow safe home canning instructions provided by the National Center for Home Preservation. Consult with your local Cooperative Extension Service. Most offices have a food safety specialist that what is the fastest laptop help home canning advice.
Do not feed honey or give honey pacifiers to children younger what bacteria commonly causes illnesses 12 months. Sources Unpasteurized bacterai milk, chicken, shellfish, turkey, contaminated water. Incubation period 2 commohly 5 days Symptoms Diarrhea, cramps, fever, and vomiting; diarrhea may be bloody. Duration of illness About one week What to do Drink plenty of fluids and get rest. Causew Drink pasteurized milk. Do not drink raw milk.
Do not drink untreated water. Incubation period 6 to 24 hours Illnessrs Diarrhea and stomach cramps no fever or vomitingIllnesss of illness Less than 24 hours. In severe cases, symptoms may last for weeks. What illnesses do Drink plenty of fluids and get rest. Prevention Thoroughly cook foods, bacgeria meat, poultry, and gravies, whta a safe internal temperature.
Use a food thermometer to make sure. Divide large amounts of food, such as roasts or big pots of chili illnewses stew, into shallow containers and refrigerate immediately. It is OK to put hot foods directly in the bacteriz. Sources Contaminated food, especially undercooked ground beef, unpasteurized raw milk and juice, soft cheeses made from raw milk, and raw fruits and vegetables such as lettuce, other leafy greens, and sprouts. Contaminated water, including drinking untreated water and swimming in contaminated water.
Animals and their environment, particularly cows, sheep, and goats. Feces of infected people. Incubation period 3 to 4 days for most people, can be 1 to 10 days. Sources Raw or undercooked shellfish from contaminated waters, raw produce, contaminated drinking water, uncooked foods, and cooked foods that are not reheated after contact with an infected food handler. Incubation period 28 days average ranges from 15 to 50 days Illnedses Diarrhea, dark urine or light-colored stoolsjaundice, fever, fatigue, nausea, how to burn xbox 360 with imgburn pain, stomach pain, upset stomach, and loss of appetite.
Duration commonlg illness Symptoms usually last less than 2 months, although some people can be ill for as long as 6 months. What to do See your doctor if you have signs or symptoms of hepatitis A or think you may have been exposed to the virus.
Prevention Avoid eating raw oysters or other raw or undercooked shellfish. Wash hands frequently with soap and running water for at least 20 seconds, particularly after using the bathroom, after changing diapers, and before, during, and after preparing food. Vaccination is the best way to prevent hepatitis A. Hepatitis A vaccination is recommended for: All children at age 1 year People with direct contact with others who have hepatitis A People whag chronic or illbesses liver disease People with clotting-factor disorders Travelers to countries where hepatitis A is common Men who have sexual encounters with other men People who use or inject drugs People experiencing homelessness.
Sources Unpasteurized raw milk and dairy products. Soft cheese made with unpasteurized milk, such as queso fresco, feta, Brie, Camembert. Raw fruits and vegetables such as sprouts. Ready-to-eat deli meats and hot cmomonly. Refrigerated smoked seafood. Incubation period Usually 1 to 4 weeks, can wyat as long as 70 days Symptoms Listeria can cause fever and diarrhea similar to other foodborne germs, but this type of Listeria infection is rarely diagnosed. Symptoms in people with invasive listeriosis, meaning the bacteria has spread beyond the gut, include: For pregnant women: fever, fatigue and muscle how to watch avi on windows media player. Pregnant women may also have no bactdria but experience fetal death, pre-term labor, or infection of the newborn.
For all others, what is a dot urine test neck, confusion, loss of balance, and convulsions in addition to fever and muscle aches. Duration of illness Baacteria to weeks Who is at risk Adults age 65 and older Pregnant women and their newborns People whose immune systems are weakened due what is gy in radiation illness or medical treatment What to do For invasive listeriosis, antibiotics given promptly can cure the infection.
In pregnant women, antibiotics are given to prevent infection in the unborn baby. Prevention Recommendations for everyone: Do not drink raw unpasteurized milk, and do not eat soft cheeses made with it, such as queso fresco. Eat cut melon right away or refrigerate it.
Refrigerated smoked seafood, unless it is canned or shelf-stable or it illnessws in a cooked dish, such as a casserole Raw or lightly cooked sprouts of any kind Soft cheese, such as queso fresco, queso blanco, panela, brief, Camembert, blue-veined, or feta, unless labeled as made with pasteurized milk Be aware that Hispanic-style cheeses made from pasteurized milk, such as queso fresco, have ccauses Listeria infections, most likely because they were contaminated during cheese-making.
Safer choices, especially for pregnant women, include cream cheese, mozzarella, and hard cheeses. Sources Produce, shellfish, ready-to-eat foods touched by infected food workers salads, sandwiches, ice, cookies, fruitor any other foods contaminated with particles commolny vomit or feces from an infected person.
Incubation period 12 to 48 hours Symptoms Diarrhea, vomiting, nausea, and stomach pain. Diarrhea tends to be watery and non-bloody. Diarrhea is more common in adults and vomiting is more common in children. Duration of illness 1 to 3 days. Among young children, older adults, and hospitalized patients, it can last 4 to 6 days. Prevention Wash hands frequently with soap and running water for at least 20 seconds, particularly after using the bathroom and before, during, and after preparing food.
If you work in a restaurant or deli, commpnly bare-hand contact with ready-to-eat foods. Clean and disinfect surfaces contaminated by vomit or diarrhea use a bleach-based household cleaner as directed on the label. Clean and disinfect food preparation equipment and surfaces. If you are ill with diarrhea or vomiting and for two days afterwards, do not cook, prepare, or serve food for others. Wash fruits and vegetables and cook oysters and other shellfish thoroughly before nacteria them.
Wash clothing or linens soiled by vomit or fecal matter immediately. Remove the items carefully to avoid spreading the virus. Machine wash and dry.
Sources Food: A variety of foods have been linked to Salmonella, including vegetables, chicken, pork, fruits, nuts, eggs, beef and sprouts. Incubation period 6 hours to cwuses days Symptoms Diarrhea, fever, stomach cramps, vomiting Duration of illness 4 to 7 days What to do Drink plenty of fluids and get rest.
Prevention Avoid eating high-risk foods, including raw or lightly cooked eggs, undercooked ground beef or poultry, and unpasteurized raw milk. Wash your hands after contact with animals, their food or treats, or their living environment. Sources Contact with an infected person or consumption of contaminated food or water. Shigella foodborne outbreaks are most often associated with contamination by a sick food handler. Incubation period 1 to 7 days usually 1 to 2 days Symptoms Sudden stomach cramping, fever, diarrhea that may be bloody or contains mucus, nausea, and feeling the need to pass stool even when i,lnesses bowels are empty.
Duration of illness 5 to 7 days Who's at risk? Children, especially toddlers agedthough anyone can be infected with Shigella. Stay home from school or work to avoid spreading the bacteria to others. If you cannot drink enough fluids to prevent dehydration or have bloody diarrhea, call your doctor.
List of Diseases Caused by Bacteria in Humans
Rather, some of these are found helpful for human body but yes, no doubt to say that few of these can lead to horrible diseases. Bacteria are well known single cell, microscopic organisms and they can live at any location or every climate of earth. Some of these are airborne whereas few may live in water or even in soil. Studies reveal that bacteria often take their diet from animals, plants and people.
As we already discussed that not all of them are harmful for human beings; science says that good bacteria can also improve the immunity level inside human body but what about the bad ones? Probably, it is right time to collect knowledge about diseases that are commonly spread by bacteria. The article below contains details about some of the most widely occurring diseases causes by bacteria so that you can stay aware of them. Here is one of the most common health issue that is caused by bacterium known as Vibrio Cholerae.
This disease usually spreads when person keeps on drinking contaminated water or can also occur due to unsanitary situations. Water is generally contaminated due to human faeces and the same supply goes to cities where vendors also keep on using it. There are several cases where irrigation is also carried with contaminated water or fishes that you bring home to make delicious dishes may also have lived in contaminated water.
All these factors cause direct attack on intestine and may also lead to vomiting and diarrhea. If not treated well then it can also lead to death of the patient.
Some of the most commonly observed symptoms of Cholera include low blood pressure, muscle cramps, thirst and rapid heart rate. Pneumonia illustration, human silhouette with lungs, close up of alveoli and inflamed alveoli with fluid inside. This disease often occurs due to attack of viruses and bacteria.
Studies reveal that Pneumonia is one of the major reasons behind occurring deaths in US. Stats show that around 1. This disease mostly affects adults where the common symptoms include difficulty in breathing, cough and fever etc. People who are already suffering with heart disease, diabetes, are addicted to smoking, have grown above 65 years as well as kids younger than 5 years are commonly targeted by Pneumonia causing bacteria.
Almost everyone is aware about the commonly occurring bacterial infectious diseases is flu or influenza.
It is highly infectious and every year several strains are reported worldwide. Although, few of these cases use to be mild in nature but there are several harmful ones too.
Symptoms associated with this disease include headaches, fever, sore throat, coughing and body aches. Stats reveal that almost 20, people die due to flu every year in United States.
Pulmonary Tuberculosis. Chest X-ray : interstitial infiltration at left upper lung due to Mycobacterium Tuberculosis infection. It is well known by the name TB and occurs due to attack of Mycobacterium tuberculosis bacterium attack.
Tuberculosis is also recognised as one of the most deadly disease in world. If we talk about studies of year then almost 9. This disease often gets spread via air or may also get transferred from milk that comes from infected cows.
MRSA is one of the most harmful bacteria that usually stay present at medical centers, hospitals and nursing homes. MRSA is a commonly observed examples of bacterial diseases and it generally appears in form of a tiny red bump or pimple on your skin and the area surrounded by it use to be warm, swollen, red and too sensitive to touch. Although, some of these infections use to be minor but rest cause deep impact on bones, bloodstream or joints while becoming life threatening with time.
One needs to consume special antibiotics to treat MRSA. The child sick with measles. Red spots all over my body. Legs, arms, back, stomach. In United State, Measles is commonly recognised as a childhood disease but the fact is that it can also lead to drastic impact at other stages of life. Measles has caused several deaths till now and its major impact is observed in third world countries.
Stats of year reveal , deaths due to measles only within third world countries. Before beginning of vaccination program, almost 2. Salmonella Typhi Bacterium is major cause behind Typhoid fever. It is generally found in third world countries but there are several cases when tourists get affected with this disease. These bacterial diseases examples are commonly spread only when person comes in contact with this bacterium that stays in human body. The major symptoms associated with this disease are spleen, enlarged liver, rose coloured chest spots, constipation, diarrhea, headache and high fever.
Around 5, people get affected with Typhoid every year in U. Macro of mosquito Aedes aegypti sucking blood close up on the human skin. Mosquito is carrier of Malaria, Encephalitis, Dengue and Zika virus. About million people throughout world are affected with infection of this mosquito borne disease.
As per the stats of year , around 48, people died due to this disease and around cases of Malaria were reported in U. However, major impact of this disease is observed in poor countries with too hot climates. Some of the most common symptoms associated with Malaria are vomiting, nausea, sweats, fatigue, headache, chills along with severe fever.
This disease is caused due to attack of Legionella bacteria that is often found in moist conditions. When people breathe in contaminated environment they often get affected by this disease. The very first case of this disease was found in Philadelphia in and its symptoms are observed to be somewhat same as that of flu of pneumonia. Almost to infected patients are reported every year. Note that this bacterium generally grows with warm water to develop such rare bacterial diseases.
Major reason behind Anthrax is Bacillus Anthracis. The bacterium that is responsible to cause this disease can live in soil and its average life time is around 70 years. Studies reveal that it can easily spread to living human from dead bodies.
The Anthrax Bacterium lead to direct attack on immune system of human body and it also emits toxins into bloodstream. While causing complete destruction to tissues inside it may also lead to massive bleeding. This bacterial diseases list bacterium can also get transferred from infected animals to other animal products. Although, there are large number of antibiotics that can be used to treat Anthrax disease but its major requirement is quick action for treatment.
Bacterial Meningitis is often known as the inflammation that occurs over protective covering of spinal cord or brain. It is a serious kind of infection that may lead to severe harm to brain or may also cause death of affected person. One of the most common symptoms of this bacterial disease in humans is severe headache and other symptoms in list may include high fever and neck stiffness etc.
This disease is often treated using antibiotics but it is essential to start the treatment as soon as possible to stay safe from risk of death. Generally, meningococcal vaccine is capable enough to prevent from development of this disease.
Entamoeba histolytica protozoan. Parasite which causes amoebic dysentery and ulcers, 3D illustration. Bacillary Dysentery is a commonly occurring intestinal inflammation that is caused by a bacterium that stays in genus Shigella. Same as Cholera, this disease is commonly spread by contaminated water or food. Dysentery also affects people who usually do not wash hands after using toilet. The range of symptoms associated with Dysentery usually varies from mild to severe and the most common of these are pain, high fever, bloody diarrhea etc.
The most common treatment method for dysentery is hydration and the other option is antibiotics. One of the best ways to stay safe from Dysentery is to wash hands properly after using toilet as well as before handling food.
Also, prefer to drink contamination free water to stay safe. If you are searching about how are bacterial diseases treated then the best idea is to update your knowledge about them so that you can always take preventive actions. Live in a clean environment, prefer to wash hands time to time and avoid using contaminated water and food items. For bacterial sexually transmitted diseases you need to stay safe while making sexual contact with your partner.
Note that, as soon as you observe symptoms associated with any of these bacterial disease, contact a trustworthy medical expert and follow the prescribed treatments properly. Your email address will not be published. Examining bacteria in a petri dish. Vibrio cholerae bacterial colonies on blood agar plate. Anthrax, Bacterium, Petri Dish. Leave a Reply Cancel reply Your email address will not be published.