Apr 14, · Newspapers in the U.S. printed sensationalized accounts of Spanish atrocities, fueling humanitarian concerns. The mysterious destruction of the U.S. battleship Maine in Havana’s harbour on February 15, , led to a declaration of war against Spain two months later. May 20, · The War of , better known as the Spanish-American War, was caused by a variety of factors. They can be boiled down, however, to two main factors and a .
Spanish-American War. Videos Images. Additional Info. More About Contributors Article History. While every effort has been made to follow citation style rules, there may be some discrepancies. Please refer to the appropriate style manual or other sources if you have any questions. Facebook Twitter. The Editors of Encyclopaedia Britannica Encyclopaedia Britannica's editors oversee subject areas in which they have extensive knowledge, whether from years of experience gained by working on that content or via study for an advanced degree Newspapers in the United States printed sensationalized accounts of Spanish atrocities in Cuba, fueling humanitarian concerns.
There was widespread U. The USS Maine before its destruction in Growing U. The war ended Spanish colonial rule in the Americas. Spain subsequently turned its focus inward and experienced a cultural renaissance and two decades of significant progress in agriculture, industry, transportation, and other areas.
In the United States withdrew its troops from Cuba, and Cuba became a republic. However, the articles of the Platt Amendmenta rider appended how to prevent irritation from shaving the U.
Army appropriations bill of Marchwere incorporated into the Cuban constitution. It gave the United States the right to intervene in Cuba in the interests of a stable government. Cubans generally considered the amendment an infringement of their sovereignty, and most of its provisions were repealed by The war made certain that a U.
The Panama Canallinking the Atlantic and Pacific oceans, was completed in Theodore Roosevelt center left, with glasses and the Rough Riders, July The Philippine-American War ensued.
For the next three years — the Filipinos carried on a guerrilla warfare campaign against U. By the time fighting ended, some 20, Filipino troops andcivilians were dead. An estimated 4, Americans perished, the overwhelming majority as a result of disease.
The Maine Explosion: 1898
On April 21, , the United States declared war against Spain. The causes of the conflict were many, but the immediate ones were America's support of Cuba's ongoing struggle against Spanish rule and the mysterious explosion of the U.S.S. Maine in Havana Harbor. It would be the first overseas war fought by the United States, involving campaigns in both Cuba and the Philippine Islands. Aug 10, · The Spanish-American War (April 24, August 12, ) occurred as a result of various influences, including American religion, a sense of mission, political tensions between the U.S. and Spain, Spanish violence against the people of Cuba, and the Cuban desire for freedom from colonization. The war originated in the Cuban struggle for independence from Spain . The Spanish authorities felt that the US was trying to intimidate them and was interfering with Spanish sovereignty by trying to affect Spanish policy toward the Cuban insurrectos. On February 15, , in an event that still remains a mystery, the Maine suddenly exploded as it sailed around Havana harbor. This was a tragedy for the United States, as out of American sailors and officers died in the explosion.
The Spanish-American War April 24, August 12, occurred as a result of various influences, including American religion, a sense of mission, political tensions between the U. The war originated in the Cuban struggle for independence from Spain in February The Cuban conflict was injurious to U.
Meanwhile, on the insurgent side, the war mainly waged against property and led to the ultimate decimation of sugarcane and sugar mills. Furthermore, under the Spanish commander, Capt. Hire a subject expert to help you with Spanish-American War Causes.
Spanish authorities made no effort to provide sufficient food , shelter, sanitation, or medical care to those who were suffering. Because of this, thousands of reconcentrados-rural Cubans interned in garrisoned towns or detention camps by the Spanish military authorities-died from starvation, disease, and exposure The Editors of Encyclopaedia Britannica, These harsh conditions were graphically portrayed for the United States to view through several media outlets The idea of the American mission was the belief that the United States had a destiny to improve and enlighten the world, whether passively, by serving as a political and moral exemplar, or actively, by promoting liberal democratic values abroad McCartney, Seeing the Cubans suffering also added to the commiseration America had for the colonial people struggling for independence The Editors of Encyclopaedia Britannica, On February 15, , an enormous explosion caused the Maine to sink in Havana Harbor.
Although no one could pinpoint the exact culprit of the explosion, many Americans blamed Spain. President McKinley had been hesitant to go to war for many months, and he even offered to purchase Cuba through diplomatic channels.
However, public pressure to act became too great, and on April 25, , the Congress of the United States approved a declaration of war against Spain Argote-Freyre, When war erupted between Cuba and its colonial overlord Spain in the mids, many Americans saw the conflict as an opportunity for the United States to expand its influence Sowards, Following early combat in the Philippines, the chief battles of the Spanish-American War took place in the region around Santiago de Cuba.
The Spanish fleet was destroyed, and no Americans were killed. Shortly afterward, U. By the end of May, the US Navy had confined a Spanish fleet in Santiago Bay in eastern Cuba; the two fleets continued to face each other for several weeks without having a single battle take place.
In the meantime, the U. Army prepared a land assault, and the first U. On July 1, U. Although the Americans suffered nearly 1, dead and wounded soldiers, they still proceeded to defeat the Spanish. In late July, U. So when U. Before the U. Under the treaty, Spain also gave up all its rights in Cuba. Although the Philippines and Cuba had sought independence before the war, the McKinley administration decided to retain control of both territories. Their reasons included a desire to expand U.
Soon, rebel forces in the Philippines and Cuba had to decide whether to accept or resist U. Before the war, both nations had fully supported U.
However, after the war, this mindset changed for the Philippines, and they eventually turned against U. This conflict, sometimes called the Philippine Insurrection or the Philippine-American War, was highly unsuccessful. The Cuban rebels on the other hand, agreed to disarm and accept the promise of an independent future. After several years of long-running tensions between Cuba and the United States, Cuba finally became its own independent island in Spanish-American War Causes.
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