Islam's evolution problem
The Quran says that every living creature came from water, some crawl on their belies and some on two legs and some on four. Some skeptics claim that the order in the Quran is wrong. While all creatures came from water and then crawled on their bellies is correct, all evolution theories suggest that evolved animals walked on four legs long before they walked on two. Quran says that it took a long time from the creation of the planet, the water the skies to formation of the first life. When Adam came to this earth already there where human life paradoxically mostly as monkeys who where evolving into humans. Though Adam and Eve where the first humans. Quran says I brought Adam as a Khalifa (leader) to this earth.
The descriptions of creation in the Qur'an are not intended as dry historical whaf but rather to engage the reader in contemplating the lessons to be learned from it. The act of creation, therefore, is frequently described as a way of drawing the reader into thinking about the order of all how to knit v neck and the All-Knowing Creator Who is behind it all. For example:. When hhe the creation of the "heavens and the earth," the Quran whhat not discount the theory of a "Big Bang" explosion at the start of it all.
In fact, the Quran says that. Following this big explosion, Allah. Thus the elements and the matter destined to become the planets and stars began doees cool, come together, and wbout into shape, following the natural laws that Allah established in the universe. The Qur'an further states that Allah created the sun, the moon, and the planets, each with their own individual courses or orbits.
Neither does the Qur'an sbout out the possibility that the universe is continuing to expand. There has been sears store pickup how long historical debate among Muslim scholars about the precise meaning of this verse since knowledge of the universe's expansion was only recently discovered.
While on the surface this might seem similar to the account related in the Bible, there are some important distinctions. The verses that mention "six days" use the Arabic evolutiln yawm day. This word appears several other times in the Qur'an, each denoting a different measurement of time. In one case, the qhran of a day is equated whxt 50, yearswhereas another verse states that "a day in the sight of your Lord is like 1, years of your reckoning" The word yawm is thus understood to be a long period of time--an era or eon.
Therefore, Muslims interpret the description of a "six-day" creation as six distinct periods or eons. The length of these periods is not precisely defined, nor are the specific wha that took place during each period. After completing the Creation, the Qur'an describes how Allah "settled Himself upon the Throne" to oversee His work. A distinct point is made that counters the Biblical idea of a day of rest:.
Allah is never "done" with His work because the process of creation is ongoing. Each new child who is born, every seed that sprouts into a sapling, every new species that appears on earth, is part of the ongoing process of Allah's creation.
Dooes Quranic account of creation is in line with modern scientific thought about the development of the universe and life on earth. Muslims acknowledge that life developed over a abput period of time, eevolution see Allah's power behind it all. Descriptions of creation in the Quran are set in context to remind the readers of Allah's majesty and wisdom. See you not how Allah has created the seven heavens one above another, and made the moon a light in their midst, and made the sun as a glorious lamp?
And Allah has produced you from the earth, growing gradually " The Quran describes that Allah "made from water every living thing" Another verse describes how "Allah has created every animal from water. Of them are some that creep on their bellies, some that walk on two legs, and some that walk on four. Allah creates what He wills, what does the quran say about evolution truly Allah has power over all things" These verses support the scientific theory that life began in the Earth's oceans.
While Islam recognizes the general idea of the development of life in stages, over a period of time, human beings are considered as a special act of creation. Islam teaches that human beings are a unique life form that was created by Allah in a special way, with unique gifts and abilities unlike any swy a soul and conscience, knowledge, and free will.
In short, What is the safeguarding policy do not believe that human beings randomly evolved from apes. The life of human beings began with the creation of two people, a male and a female named Adam and Hawwa Eve. Evolutikn Flipboard Email. Islam Expert. Huda is an educator, school administrator, and author who has more than two decades of experience researching and writing about Islam online. Updated January 17, Cite this Article Format.
Creation of the Universe and Evolution in Islam. Tawhid: the Islamic Principle of God's Oneness. Lessons from the Qur'an Regarding Gossip and Backbiting. The View of Contraception and Abortion in Islam.
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Jan 17, · Islam teaches that human beings are a unique life form that was created by Allah in a special way, with unique gifts and abilities unlike any other: a soul and conscience, knowledge, and free will. In short, Muslims do not believe that human beings randomly evolved from apes. About evolution or creation, the Qur’an teaches both! It says, “Allah is – AlKhaliq” (The Creator). It also says, “Allah is – AlBari” (The Evolver). For the Muslim, there is no need for a separation between religion and science. It is understood from Quran, revealed more than 1, years ago, that there are both; “Creation” and “Evolution”. Apr 27, · Some scholars have even cited Quran and as supporting the Big Bang theory. 2. As for evolution, the dominant – if not consensus – viewpoint among scholars is that it is in direct contradiction of the primary texts affirming an original and direct creation for Adam who was the first human being.
Table of Contents. Introduction: Basic Information. Islam: A Brief Introduction. Creation and Evolution in the Holy Qur'an. Humans, As God's Caliphs on Earth.
Heart-Mind Relationship in the Holy Qur'an. Islamic Proclamation of Faith. Performing Islamic Prayers. Noo'h, Noah, in the Holy Quran. Ibrahim, Abraham, in the Holy Quran. Moussa, Moses, in the Holy Quran. Muhammed in the Holy Quran. The La No Commands. The Imperative Commands. Are Muslim women second-class citizens. Creation and Evolution in the Holy Quran. Updated on the 28th of Shawwal, Hijriya - June 20th, I seek refuge with God from the Stoned Shaytan.
In the name of Allah, the Beneficent, the Merciful. Through the meanings of the first ten Quran verses addressed in Chapter 3 of this book, we saw how Allah God started the creation of the universe, including the seven heavens and the seven earth-like planets, as well as the intelligent beings living in them. This Chapter focuses on the themes of creation and evolution, by addressing how Allah started the creation of life on Earth and how He left it to evolve as a result of learning from adaptation to the various environments, with His intervention to improve His creation.
In particular, the creation and evolution of human beings will be addressed through the discussion of the following 43 verses , which the author identified in the Holy Quran and presented in a suggested order of creation and evolution. Meanings of these verses are explained by consulting with the three renowned interpreters of the Holy Quran Al- T abari, Al-Qur t ubi, and Ibn Katheer.
Then, the meanings are compared with the scientific evidence, particularly from anthropology, biology, and cosmology. The objective is to tell the story of God's creation of life and how it evolved on Planet Earth, not only by using the linguistic meanings of the verses but also by using the relevant scientific facts. From the meanings of these verses, researchers can find support for the evolutionary theory, which dominates all natural sciences.
Moreover, the scientific facts included in these verses represent further pieces of evidence that the author of the Holy Quran is Allah, the All Knowledgeable, as humans did not know these facts until the establishment of modern sciences, during the second half of the 19th Century. Verses include God's command to us to travel through the Earth, to study how He began His creation , in order to explain to us how He repeated it before after the extinction of the human species , and how He can repeat it again in the Hereafter.
Do they not see how Allah begins the Creation, then repeats it? That is easy for Allah to do Al-'Ankaboot, Say: "Travel through the Earth and see how He began the Creation. Then, Allah makes the latter Creation. Allah is capable of doing everything" Al-'Ankaboot, Thus, the emergence of modern sciences , which investigate how the Universe, including our solar system, started, as well as how life began and how it has continued on our planet, represents an implementation of this divine command.
This included the establishment of anthropology with its four sub-disciplines archaeological, biological, linguistic, and cultural , biology, physics, chemistry, astrophysics, and geography, to name some of them. Were We then tired with the first creation? No , they nonbelievers are in confusion about a new creation Qaf, Verse 30 tells us that the heavens and the Earth were joined together as one entity before they were splintered, and that every living thing was made out of water.
Have not those who disbelieve seen known that the heavens and the Earth were of one connected entity, then We splintered separated them, and We made every living thing out of water?
Will they not then believe? Al-Anbiya', This verse is a source of support for scientists who have reached the established biological fact that water is necessary for any life form. For decades, space programs have had a major goal of investigating whether there is water on other planets or not, in order to begin the exploration of whether there is life on those planets or not.
This Verse and several other verses in the Holy Quran have stated clearly that every living being has been created from water. Water covers about seventy percent of the surface of the Earth, which has provided it with the essential requirement of life. We know now the components of cells in primitive unicellular organisms. However, scientists do not know how life started in the first cell, and they have never been able to create life in a cell. This Verse tells us that it is God, Who created living beings out of water.
As we learn from the verses addressed below, He did that by blowing of His Spirit into the first cell, creating life in it, which became the primary software or DNA of living things. Verse 30 tells us that the first creation of life on Earth was out of earth matter dirt or soil , in addition to water, as mentioned in Verse 30 above.
And of His signs is that He created you from the earth matter dirt or soil. Then, you became humans spreading throughout the Earth Al-Room, Water is the first condition for life to exist but this Verse tells us that the earth matter was the other condition for the human life to exist.
The most relevant word in this verse is " turab ," which is the earth matter that can be translated into dirt or soil. The same word is also mentioned in five other verses in relation to the first creation of life on Earth.
Allah is He who has made everything He created better, and He began the creation of the human being out of clay Al-Sajda, 7. In this verse, we are told that the first creation of human beings was out of clay, but that was the beginning. The most relevant word in this verse is " began " bada-a , which tells us clearly that the creation happened in a process that had a beginning. It did not happen at once. Water is the basic condition for life to exist, as we know from Verse 30, mentioned above, but in Verse 20, the earth matter dust or soil is added as a second condition.
In this Verse 7 , we learn that the first creation of life was in clay, which is a confirmation for the previously-mentioned two verses, as clay is the combination of water and earth matter dust or soil. This is also what we know from t he scientific evidence available to us today, as there is a wide agreement among scientists that the beginning of life was in clay, which is basically composed of water and earth matter dust or soil.
Verse 11 describes the clay, in which life started, as sticky clay :. Then, O Muhammad inquire of them the Makkan nonbelievers , "Are they a stronger creation than others We have created? The three renowned interpreters of the Holy Quran agreed on the meaning of the word "lazib," in the verse, as sticky. Thus, the first creation of life began in sticky clay.
Its molecules were sticky to each other and it would stick to anything that touched it. Verse 26 provides another description of the clay used in the first creation of life , mentioning that it was dry clay with a stinking smell. We created the human being from dry clay, molded of blackened and stinking mud Al-'Hijr, This verse gives a very specific description of the environment where life started.
It refers to places, where water was combined with the earth matter dust or soil , creating stinking clay. This description is the same as the one used by biologists, who mention that life on Earth started in clay, where water is mixed with the earth matter dust or soil. This includes various primary elements, some of which have stinking smell, such as hydrogen sulfides, thus making the clay stinking, precisely as mentioned in this Verse. Verse 14 confirms that the clay of the first creation was dry, like pottery.
He created the human being of a hard clay, like pottery Al-Ra'hman, This Verse 14 tells us that the clay, which was used for the first creation of life, was dry, like pottery, confirming what was mentioned in Verse 26 above.
However, when such dry clay was moistened with water, it became suitable for the start of life in it, as water is the first condition for life to exist Verse 14 tells us that the creation of humans happened in stages, not at once, as was also mentioned in Verse 7, by the use of the verb "began" bada-a. Thus, the creation of humans from clay was the first stage of the first creation, which was followed by other stages, as we learn from other verses below. He has created you in diverse and successive stages Noo'h, From the following verses, we learn that there are two creations.
The first one was in nature, which included five stages. These are starting life in the cell, fashioning humans in the right proportions, walking on two legs, imaging, and blowing of God's Spirit. The second creation is in the womb, which also includes five stages.
These are the fertilized egg zygote , leech, lump like a chewed substance , bones, and muscles, as will be discussed later in Verse 14 below. Verse 6: 2 tells us that after Allah had created life in clay, He willed to leave His creation on its own, for a certain time He determined. He is Who created you from clay, then He spent a term of time away from you , and it is a specific term He determined. Yet, you doubt His ability Al-An'am, 6: 2!. Scientists generally, and biologists and anthropologists in particular, can have support from this Verse, as well as from the following verses, for their evolutionary explanation of how different species evolved on Earth, on their own, in specific periods of time, when Allah, praise to Him, determined to spend some time away from His creation.
Thus, this Verse summarizes the two concepts of creation and evolution. While creation refers to God's intervention, making changes and improvements on His creation, evolution refers to the changes which happen to organisms as a result of their interaction and adaptation to their physical and social environment.
This is also the essence of the evolutionary theory, which dominates all natural sciences. Verse 4: 1 tells us that at the start of the first creation, there was only one living self unicellular organism. Then, another self cell came out of it, to become its mate.
The Verse also tells us that these two primary cells were the origins of the second creation of men and women in the womb. O humans! B e pious careful of your duty to your Lord, Who created you from a single self living cell , and from it He created its mate, and from them He has spread a multi tu de of men and women Al-Nissa, 4: 1. Biological science tells us that the earliest form of life was represented by single cell organisms found in water, then these multiplied by splitting themselves.
With the course of time, reproduction evolved to become as a result of pair-mating, instead of the archaic forms of splitting or dividing.