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Oct 01, †Ј Famous Deaths. Tom Clancy, American author (Rainbow Six, The Hunt for Red October), dies aged Highlights. It was Tuesday, under the sign of Libra (see zodiac on October 1, ). The US president was Barack Obama (Democrat), the UK Prime Minister was David Cameron (Conservative), Pope Francis was leading the Catholic Church. In that special week of October people in US were listening to .
Like most tornados, the storm that tore through Moore, Okla. By the time it ocfober, 24 people were dead, including nine children. But as so often happens in moments of crisis, the storm brought out the best in people. Teachers threw their bodies over students as the elementary school caved in and residents and first-responders rushed to dig their neighbors out of the rubble. Obama maintained he had no knowledge of the policy, and it soon became clear that the IRS also targeted liberal groups seeking nonprofit status.
The horrific school shooting in Newtown, Conn. Riding the collective dismay over the massacre, Democratic Congressional leaders sought to ban assault weapons and high-capacity magazines and expand background checks on gun sales. Despite President Obama throwing the 2031 weight of his bully pulpit behind the effort, the bill failed in the Senate in April, with 45 Senators Ч including four democrats Ч voting against it.
A rough year for gun control advocates got even worse in September when gun rights supporters waged an effort to recall two Colorado state senators who supported state-wide measures expanding background checks. As the National Rifle Association and gun control activists like New York City Mayor Michael Bloomberg poured money into the campaign, the vote became how to reel in a fly rod proxy battle for the larger national fight.
After years of population losses and mounting debt, Detroit filed for bankruptcy on July 18, becoming the largest city in U. By the time George Zimmerman was charged with second-degree murder in April ofthe small-town altercation had already become a major national story.
Only the basic facts were clear: Zimmerman, a neighborhood watch volunteer, shot and killed Trayvon Martin, an unarmed year-old African American, after a confrontation in the Florida neighborhood he patrolled. On July 13, after two days of deliberations, the jury delivered its verdict: not guilty on all charges. The decision settled the criminal charges, but it did little to address the larger issues about race and the justice system the case raised.
Unable to reach agreement on federal spending levels, a dysfunctional Congress stumbled into the first government shutdown since the mids, grinding much of the federal bureaucracy to a halt for more than two weeks in October. The showdown was forced by a cadre of conservative Republicans, who sought to tie government funding to a bill to gut the Affordable Care Act.
While the political and economic fallout should prevent a repeat when funding deadlines expire in earlythe episode may have wuat ramifications. Moderate Republicans and business lobbies what happened on october 1 2013 with the GOP vowed to take a more aggressive posture against the Tea Party conservatives who spurred the shutdown, setting up a battle for the soul of the party that will define the midterm elections.
In a landmark decision, global entry how to apply high court struck down the federal law defining marriage as between a man and a woman, clearing the way for gay marriage throughout the U.
Writing for the majority, Justice Anthony Kennedy framed the decision as a matter of basic equality. Minnesota, Rhode Island, Hawaii and Illinois have since followed suit and whaat challenges of same-sex marriage bans are pending in other states. The rulings marked an astonishingly rapid social evolution.
At the time, no state allowed same-sex marriage. By12 states and the District of Columbia allowed them and Clinton, Barack Obama and many other prominent politicians had reversed their earlier opposition. When the court ruled that same-sex couples are no different under the law, it was merely keeping pace.
The Oct. A combination of technical glitches, high demand and faulty coding rendered healthcare. When two pressure cookers exploded near the finish line of the Boston Marathon on April 15, the blast killed three people, how to french trim a rack of lamb more than others, and put an entire nation on edge.
The bombs Ч a crude mix of nails and octobef that tore through the crowd of cheering spectators, volunteers and proud, almost-finished runners Ч instantly transformed a moment of shared joy into one what happened on october 1 2013 collective terror. The search took a violent turn just hours later when brothers Dzhokhar and Tamerlan Tsarnaev allegedly shot and killed an MIT police officer and then exchanged fire with police as they tried to escape in a hijacked SUV.
Tamerlan, 26, was killed octobre the fracas; his younger brother, Dzhokhar, 19, managed to escape. Police ultimately found a bloodied and dazed Dzhokhar hiding in a small boat, in which he allegedly wrote pro-Islamist messages with hapened own blood. On June 6, the Guardian and the Washington Post broke the hqppened stories in a series that would expose extraordinary surveillance at home and abroad by the U. National Security Agency in arguably the most important leak of classified intelligence ever.
They also embarrassed the intelligence community and initiated an international discussion on the boundaries of surveillance in this age of instant communication.
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Historical Events for October, 1stї The Federal government of the United States named U.S. federal government United States federal government shutdown of e.g shuts down non-essential services after it is unable to pass a budget measure. 3rdї At least migrants are killed when their boat Mediterranean Sea migrant shipwreck e.g. From October 1 to October 17, , the United States federal government entered a shutdown and curtailed most routine operations because neither legislation appropriating funds for fiscal year nor a continuing resolution for the interim authorization of appropriations for fiscal year was enacted in time. Regular government operations resumed October .
From October 1 to October 17, , the United States federal government entered a shutdown and curtailed most routine operations because neither legislation appropriating funds for fiscal year nor a continuing resolution for the interim authorization of appropriations for fiscal year was enacted in time.
Regular government operations resumed October 17 after an interim appropriations bill was signed into law. During the shutdown, approximately , federal employees were indefinitely furloughed , and another 1. Only those government services deemed "excepted" under the Antideficiency Act were continued; and only those employees deemed "excepted" were permitted to report to work. A "funding-gap" was created when the two chambers of Congress failed to agree to an appropriations continuing resolution.
The Republican -led House of Representatives , encouraged by Ted Cruz   and a handful of other Republican senators,  and conservative groups such as Heritage Action ,    offered several continuing resolutions with language delaying or defunding the Affordable Care Act commonly known as "Obamacare".
The Democratic -led Senate passed several amended continuing resolutions for maintaining funding at then-current sequestration levels with no additional conditions.
Political fights over this and other issues between the House on one side and President Barack Obama and the Senate on the other led to a budget impasse which threatened massive disruption.
The deadlock centered on the Continuing Appropriations Resolution, , which was passed by the House of Representatives on September 20, The Senate stripped the bill of the measures related to the Affordable Care Act, and passed it in revised form on September 27, The House reinstated the Senate-removed measures, and passed it again in the early morning hours on September Also, on October 1, , many aspects of the Affordable Care Act implementation took effect.
Some of the law's funds also come from multiple-year and "no-year" discretionary funds that are not affected by a lack of a continuing resolution. The United States Constitution requires government spending be approved in bills passed by the United States Congress. Some government functions such as the Federal Reserve System are completely self-funded.
Others, like Social Security and Medicare , are partially self-funded but may be subject to administrative shutdowns and failures if the government fails to meet its financial obligations. Some programs are fully or partially funded for multiple years and some are funded every year.
The legislation that sets government spending is called appropriations legislation. Since the s, Congress has often failed to pass the twelve to thirteen appropriation bills that set government-wide spending, often passing "continuing resolutions CR " to extend existing spending law at or near current levels, and "omnibus" bills that combine many appropriations bills into one.
Budget negotiations can be difficult when the president is not of the party that controls one or both houses of Congress. The last budget was passed on April 29, If the Congress fails to pass budgetary approval by the end of the fiscal year, a "funding gap" results. The Antideficiency Act requires government functions not excepted by the Act to begin shutting down immediately so that the Constitutional authority of Congress over spending is not breached. The Office of Management and Budget provides agencies with annual instructions on how to prepare for and operate during a funding gap according to the Antideficiency Act.
Most were partial or for single days or weekends and involved few if any furloughs. The first was in Only the shutdowns of Ч96 involved the whole federal government and were longer than four days. The tensions that would ultimately produce the shutdown began to take shape after Republicans, strengthened by the emergence of the Tea Party , won back a majority of the seats in the House of Representatives from the Democrats in Former Speaker of the House Newt Gingrich , a Republican who had presided over Congress during the last government shutdowns 15 years earlier, said in April that if Republicans won back control of Congress in the election, they should remove any funding for the Affordable Care Act in any appropriations bills they passed.
Gingrich said Republicans needed to "be ready to stand on principle" and should refuse to fund the new healthcare law even if their refusal would result in a shutdown of the government. As the November congressional elections drew near, Rep. Lynn Westmoreland , a Republican from Georgia, said that if the Republicans won a majority of seats in the House, they would pass appropriation bills that the President would veto, leading to a government shutdown. Westmoreland told supporters: "We have put Band-Aids on some things that need to be cleaned out.
That is going to take some pain. There's going to have to be some pain for us to do some things that we've got to do to right the ship. Mike Lee of Utah, then running for office as the Republican Party's nominee, said that although a shutdown would be frustrating for many and an inconvenience, it might be absolutely necessary to make it politically possible to restructure federal spending. I cannot wait". Although the November election left Republicans in control of the House, Democrats remained in control of the Senate and the White House, resulting in a division of power that would lead to a series of clashes over spending priorities and other policy matters.
In early , some Republicans threatened to force a shutdown unless the President and Democratic-controlled Senate agreed to much deeper spending cuts. Joe Walsh of Illinois said the country might need a government shutdown as a form of "shock therapy" to raise awareness of the state of the federal government's finances. Several similar funding crises resulting from disagreements over budgetary policy ensued in the following three years, with shutdowns being narrowly averted by last-minute deals each time.
In January , Republican Sen. John Cornyn of Texas wrote that "it may be necessary to partially shut down the government in order to secure the long-term fiscal well being of our country, rather than plod along the path of Greece, Italy and Spain.
The plan, which said "Conservatives should not approve a CR [continuing resolution] unless it defunds Obamacare,"  was signed by leaders of more than three dozen conservative groups.
As reported by The New York Times , conservative activists, supported by funds from the billionaire Koch brothers and conservative political action committees , worked with Tea Party-affiliated members of Congress, such as Senators Ted Cruz and Mike Lee, to promote an appropriations bill that would exclude funds for the Affordable Care Act.
In July and August , Sen. The letter was eventually signed by 19 senators, although 5 of the co-signatories later withdrew their support. Freshman Rep. Mark Meadows of North Carolina circulated a similar letter in the House of Representatives that was signed by 80 House members. Joshua Withrow of the Tea Party group FreedomWorks , which had endorsed the Meese coalition's plan months earlier,  explained the overall strategy, writing in August that the continuing resolution due to expire September 30 "must be renewed in order for the doors to stay open in Washington.
The CR is the best chance we will get to withdraw funds from Obamacare. Conservative groups ran negative media campaigns to pressure Congressional Republicans who had doubted the strategy into supporting it. When else in our history has a freshman member of Congress from North Carolina been able to round up a gang of 80 that's essentially ground the government to a halt?
In early September, Tea Party Patriots created a defunding "tool kit", which included talking points in case House Republicans were blamed for a shutdown.
With Congress having failed to agree by late September on the budget for the fiscal year beginning October 1, members of the Senate proposed a resolution to continue funding the government at sequestration levels through December as a stop-gap measure, to allow more time to negotiate over final funding levels for the full fiscal year. Republican Senators Ted Cruz, Mike Lee, and others then demanded a delay of or change to the Affordable Care Act in exchange for passing the resolution.
On September 24, Cruz gave a hour speech in the Senate to draw attention to his goals. As the shutdown loomed on September 27, The Washington Post reported that several Republican members of Congress made public statements expressing approval of the impending shutdown.
Michele Bachmann said "We're very excited. It's exactly what we wanted, and we got it. People will be very grateful. John Culberson said "It's wonderful. We're percent united! Bachmann said: "This is about the happiest I've seen members in a long time, because we see we are starting to win this dialogue on a national level.
Bachmann later disputed having made such a statement about being happy the government was shut down, telling CNN that she had been misquoted by the 'Washington Post'. She provided a full quotation, and a recording of the statement, indicating the statement was about excitement for the opportunity to vote on delaying the Affordable Care Act funding and implementation by a year.
On September 30, the Republican-led House sent many proposals to continue funding the government through December while delaying or blocking the Affordable Care Act, each of which were blocked by the Democratic-led Senate. With only an hour before the start of the shutdown, Republicans in the House attempted to start budget conference-committee negotiations. Senate Democrats, who had attempted to start such negotiations 18 times since January and been stopped by the Republicans each time, balked: Senate Majority Leader Harry Reid stated, "We will not go to conference with a gun to our head," while Senate Budget Committee Chairwoman Patty Murray criticized the move as an attempt by Speaker Boehner "to distract from his constantly changing list of demands.
Some Republicans began to re-frame the shutdown battle in purely political rather than policy terms, with Indiana representative Marlin Stutzman telling the conservative Washington Examiner on October 1, "We have to get something out of this.
And I don't know what that even is. A new rule for the consideration of the Senate's amended version of the continuing resolution was approved by the House October 1, , at AM legislative day September During the October 1 debate on H. Res , Rep. Louise Slaughter said to Rep. Pete Sessions that "under regular order of the House", anyone "can call for a vote on the Senate proposal", but he had changed it so that "only the majority leader can do it". Sessions said, "that is correct," adding that they are not "trying to make a decision", and that a call for a vote could have taken place "almost effective immediately".
After some back-and-forth, Sessions said that there could have been a call for a vote "at any time". Slaughter said, "I think you've taken that away". Sessions said, "We took that away". Slaughter said, "Oh, mercy. It gets deeper and deeper". On October 12, , Maryland Rep. Chris Van Hollen moved to bring the bill directly to the floor and made a parliamentary inquiry , and required that the chair explain that the rule previously agreed for the bill had changed the Standing Rules so that no House member could move to consider a vote on the appropriations bill, except for the Republican Majority Leader or his designee.
Several media organizations reported that House Democrats were ready to join with moderate House Republicans to pass a clean continuing resolution without amendments to defund the Affordable Care Act 18 Republicans and all Democrats would have been needed to pass the resolution. On October 2, the House of Representatives proposed several piecemeal bills to fund national parks and museums, the National Institutes of Health, and the city of Washington, D.
The piecemeal bill for the NIH was criticized as an interference on the interlocking roles and responsibilities of public health agencies. Democrats in the Senate rejected this proposal because it would have locked sequestration budget cuts into law for the next six months. Democratic senators wanted to negotiate an end to sequestration before then. Analysts were concerned that the political gridlock would extend into mid-October, when Congress and the President must agree to raise the debt ceiling to avoid the prospect of defaulting on the public debt.
Following the debate over the debt ceiling in May , the Treasury Department was forced to engage in extraordinary measures to fund the government. In August , the Treasury informed Congress that the extraordinary measures would be insufficient starting in mid-October and further specified, in late September, that the U.
The Council on Foreign Relations said that among the payments implicated were military wages, Medicare and Social Security payments, and unemployment support. AAA ratings on "rating watch negative" as talks to increase the debt limit reached an impasse fueling concerns of congressional dysfunction and impending default.
Japanese Finance Minister Taro Aso said that the debt limit would have an "internationally significant impact". On how the US situation could affect Japan, he said "I think this could likely result in a situation where the dollar will be sold and the yen will be bought.
McConnell began looking for suggestions from Republican senators like Lamar Alexander, who had already begun quietly negotiating with Democrat Chuck Schumer. Boehner persuaded McConnell to delay a Senate vote, in hopes of rallying his own caucus to end the shutdown on its own terms. There were accusations by conservative Republican House members that moderate Republicans had "undercut" the position of more conservative party members.