What is a throat infection

what is a throat infection

What are the Symptoms of a Throat Infection?

Feb 14,  · A throat infection is a general term describing a disease affecting the area of and surrounding the throat. Commonly known as a sore throat, this condition is most commonly caused by bacteria or viruses. It has been estimated that a throat infection is one of the top ten reasons that people visit emergency rooms for treatment. Aug 28,  · Strep throat is a bacterial infection that causes inflammation and pain in the throat. This common condition is caused by group A Streptococcus bacteria. Strep .

A sore throat is pain, scratchiness or irritation of the throat that often worsens when you swallow. The most common cause of a sore throat pharyngitis is a viral infection, such as a cold or the flu. A sore throat caused by a virus resolves on its own. Strep how to make pdf fillable forms free streptococcal infectiona less common type of sore throat caused by bacteria, requires treatment with antibiotics to prevent complications.

Other less common causes of sore throat might require more complex treatment. The throat includes the esophagus, windpipe tracheavoice box larynxtonsils and epiglottis. Take your child to a doctor if your child's sore throat doesn't go away aa the first drink in the morning, recommends the American Academy of Pediatrics. If you're an adult, see your doctor if you have a sore throat and any of the following associated problems, according to the American Academy of Otolaryngology — Head and Neck Surgery:.

Viruses that cause the common cold and the flu also cause most sore throats. Less often, bacterial infections cause sore throats. A number of bacterial infections can cause a sore throat. The most common is Streptococcus pyogenes group Jnfection streptococcus which ihfection strep throat. Gastroesophageal reflux disease GERD. GERD is a digestive system disorder in which stomach acids back up in the food pipe esophagus.

Other signs or symptoms may include heartburn, hoarseness, regurgitation of stomach contents and the sensation of a lump in your throat.

HIV infection. A sore throat and other flu-like symptoms sometimes appear early after someone is infected with How to make a blend. Also, someone who is HIV-positive might have a chronic or recurring sore throat due to a how to bleed a radiator in your house infection called oral thrush or due to us viral infection called cytomegalovirus CMVwhich can be serious in people with compromised immune systems.

Rarely, an infected area of tissue abscess in the throat or swelling of the small cartilage "lid" that covers the windpipe epiglottitis can cause a sore throat. Both can block the airway, creating a medical emergency. The best way to prevent sore throats is thraot avoid the germs that cause them and practice good hygiene. Follow these tips and teach your child to do the same:. Mayo Clinic does not endorse companies or products.

Advertising revenue supports our not-for-profit mission. Don't delay your care at Mayo Clinic Schedule your appointment now for safe in-person care. This content does not have an English version. This content does not have an Arabic version. Overview A sore throat is pain, scratchiness or irritation of the throat that often worsens when you swallow.

Throat anatomy Open pop-up dialog box Close. Throat anatomy The throat includes the esophagus, windpipe tracheavoice box larynxtonsils and epiglottis. Request an Appointment at Mayo Clinic.

Share on: Facebook Twitter. Show references Sore throats. Accessed Feb. Sore throat. Merck Manual Professional Version. Seven tips to help you prevent a sore throat. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. Drutz, JE. Sore throat in children and adolescents: Symptomatic treatment. Stead W. Symptomatic treatment of acute pharyngitis in adults.

Slippery Elm. Natural Medicines. Taking care of your voice. Chow AW, et al. Evaluation of acute pharyngitis in adults. Kellerman RD, et al. In: Conn's Current Therapy Philadelphia, Pa.

Common colds: Protect yourself and others. Streptococcal pharyngitis. Rochester, Minn. Kahrilas, PJ. Clinical manifestations and diagnosis of gastroesophageal reflux in adults.

Gonzalez MD, et al. New developments in rapid diagnostic testing throxt children. Infectious Disease Clinics of North America. AIDS and opportunistic infections. Shelov What is a throat infection, et al. Ears, Nose and Throat. New York, N. Mayo Clinic Marketplace Check out these best-sellers and special offers on books and newsletters from Mayo Clinic.

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Mar 01,  · Throat infections are usually caused by the presence of a virus or bacteria that triggers a series of troubling symptoms that usually require medical attention for fast relief. Among the most common infections are pharyngitis and tonsillitis both of which can improve with the intake of anti-inflammatories and antibiotics.

A throat infection is a general term describing a disease affecting the area of and surrounding the throat. Commonly known as a sore throat, this condition is most commonly caused by bacteria or viruses. It has been estimated that a throat infection is one of the top ten reasons that people visit emergency rooms for treatment.

When a virus or bacteria infects the throat, it causes a painful inflammation of the tissue in the throat area. This causes symptoms such as scratchiness of throat, redness and swelling of the throat, pain, hoarseness of the voice, coughing, and pain when swallowing.

Other symptoms of a infection in the throat may include stuffy nose, runny nose, and redness of the eyes, headache and fever. The majority of sore throats are caused by viral infections, and most of these typically run its course within three to six days. Viral infections are not treatable with antibiotics. However, a doctor may prescribe antibiotic treatment if the viral infection is also accompanied by a bacterial infection.

Treatment for a sore throat caused by a virus generally consist of drinking lots of fluids, getting plenty of rest, and taking medication such as acetaminophen, and ibuprofen that help to provide relief from the symptoms of the infection.

Mononucleosis, also known as mono, is an example of an infection caused by a virus. Symptoms of mononucleosis include those listed above, along with fatigue, weakness , and loss of appetite. Unlike most common sore throats, symptoms of mononucleosis can linger for an extended period of time.

A patient with a bacterial infection may be prescribed antibiotics by his or her doctor. Bacteria are living microorganisms that can be killed through the use of antibiotics. Viruses cannot be killed with antibiotics because they are not living organisms, but rather a capsule of genetic material. While bacteria can reproduce and multiply on their own, viruses cannot.

Viruses infect and take over a host cell, reprogramming the cell to reproduce the virus. Antibiotics may help hasten recovery and reduce the period of time that the infected person is contagious to others.

In addition to any prescribed medications, many doctors will also recommend that a patient with a bacterial throat infection get plenty of rest, drink plenty of fluids, gargle with warm salt water, and use a humidifier. Strep throat is an example of a bacterial throat infection. It is known as strep throat because the bacteria that causes it is called streptococcus. While strep throat is not generally harmful, if left untreated it can lead to other conditions such as rheumatic fever, scarlet fever, and tonsillitis.

When a doctor suspects that a patient may have strep throat, a rapid strep test, or a throat culture will be done to check for the presence of streptococcus. The rapid strep test is not as accurate as a throat culture, but results can be received within 15 minutes. In contrast, it can take up to two days to receive results from a throat culture. A patient with a sore throat accompanied by a high fever and difficulty breathing or swallowing should contact a doctor right away.

If a sore throat is accompanied with a low grade fever, a doctor should be contacted if symptoms do not get better within a day or two. It may also be a good idea to visit a doctor if an infection is not accompanied by other sinus symptoms, if it hurts to swallow liquids, or if throat pain lasts for more than a week. Anacan Last Modified Date: February 14, Please enter the following code:. Login: Forgot password?

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