What is an aneurysm and what causes it

what is an aneurysm and what causes it

What is an Aneurysm?

Overview. An aneurysm is an abnormal bulge or ballooning in the wall of a blood vessel. An aneurysm can burst (rupture), causing internal bleeding and often leading to death. Aneurysms usually don't cause symptoms, so you might not know you have an aneurysm even if it's large. Jan 21, An aneurysm occurs when part of an artery wall weakens, allowing it to abnormally balloon out or widen. The causes of aneurysms are sometimes unknown. Some people are born with them. They can also be hereditary.

An aneurysm occurs when part of an artery wall weakens, allowing it to abnormally balloon out or widen. The causes of aneurysms are sometimes unknown. Some people are born with them. They can also be causs. Aortic disease or an injury may also cause an aneurysm.

A family history of aneurysm may increase your risk for developing an aneurysm. Other risk factors include high blood pressurehigh cholesterol and tobacco use. Learn more about the different types of aneurysms. If an aneurysm expands quickly or ruptures, symptoms can vary based on the location and how to call a function in vbscript develop suddenly. Depending on the site of the aneurysm, symptoms can include:.

Your doctor can use an angiogramWht scan or ultrasound test to diagnose an aneurysm. An aneurysm can become a medical emergency. Call or your local emergency number and seek immediate medical attention if you or someone you know is having aneurysm signs and symptoms. Some aneurysms may require surgery to reinforce the artery wall with a stent.

When the aneurysm has ballooned out the side of the blood vessel, a clip or coiling procedure may close off the area. To lower your risks for an aneurysm, maintain a healthy lifestyle wat your life. Some steps include:. Written by American Heart Association editorial staff and reviewed by science and medicine advisers.

See our editorial policies and staff. Aortic Aneurysm. Aneurysms can occur in any artery, but the most common are: Aortic aneurysm occurs in the main artery carrying blood from the heart to the body. Cerebral aneurym occurs in an artery of the brain. Popliteal what is mean by wisdom aneurysm occurs in the artery behind the knee. Mesenteric artery aneurysm occurs in the artery that supplies blood to the intestine.

Splenic artery aneurysm occurs in an artery of the spleen. Symptoms and diagnosis Aneurysms can develop over many years and often have no symptoms. Depending on the site of the aneurysm, symptoms can include: Headache Pain in abdomen or back Pulsating abdominal mass Blue coloration cyanosis of lower extremities Dizziness Vision changes Confusion Fatigue Hoarseness Difficulty swallowing High-pitched breathing sound Swelling in the neck Chest or upper back pain Nausea and vomiting Sense of impending doom Shock low what is an aneurysm and what causes it pressure, rapid heart rate, clammy skin, decreased awareness Your doctor can use an angiogramCT scan or ultrasound test to diagnose an aneurysm.

Treatment and prevention An aneurysm can become a medical emergency. Lower your risk To lower your risks for an aneurysm, maintain a healthy lifestyle throughout your life. Some steps include: Controlling high blood pressure Eating healthy foods Getting regular physical activity Quitting smoking or using tobacco in any form. Last Reviewed: Jan 22,

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Sep 29, An aneurysm occurs when an arterys wall weakens and causes an abnormally large bulge. This bulge can rupture and cause internal bleeding. If you get an aneurysm, it means you have a bulge in the wall of an artery. It happens when the pressure of blood passing through has forced a weakened part of the artery to balloon outward. Nov 28, An aneurysm is the enlargement of an artery caused by weakness in the arterial wall. Often there are no symptoms, but a ruptured aneurysm can lead to fatal complications. An aneurysm refers to a.

An aneurysm is an abnormal bulge or ballooning in the wall of a blood vessel. An aneurysm can burst rupture , causing internal bleeding and often leading to death. Aneurysms usually don't cause symptoms, so you might not know you have an aneurysm even if it's large. Some small aneurysms have a low risk of rupture. To determine your risk of rupture, your doctor will ask questions about your symptoms and medical and family history, and check the size, location and appearance of your aneurysm. Your doctor will consider your risk and the risk of treatment to decide whether to monitor or repair the aneurysm.

And the challenge with rupture is that it's unpredictable. Bernard Bendok says a ruptured aneurysm is a medical emergency that can cause life-threatening bleeding in the brain. Fast treatment is essential.

Bendok says 1 to 2 percent of the population have aneurysms, and only a small percentage of that group will experience a rupture. People who have a family history of aneurysms, have polycystic kidney disease, connective tissue disease, and people who smoke are at increased risk of rupture, and should consider screening.

If a rupture happens, fast treatment can save lives. Explore Mayo Clinic studies testing new treatments, interventions and tests as a means to prevent, detect, treat or manage this condition.

Aneurysms care at Mayo Clinic. Mayo Clinic does not endorse companies or products. Advertising revenue supports our not-for-profit mission. Don't delay your care at Mayo Clinic Schedule your appointment now for safe in-person care. This content does not have an English version. This content does not have an Arabic version. Overview An aneurysm is an abnormal bulge or ballooning in the wall of a blood vessel.

Aneurysms can develop in several parts of your body, including:. Request an Appointment at Mayo Clinic. Share on: Facebook Twitter. Show references Goldman L, et al. Diseases of the aorta. In: Goldman-Cecil Medicine.

Elsevier; Accessed Feb. Riggin EA. Allscripts EPSi. Mayo Clinic, Rochester, Minn. Bonow RO, et al. Saunders Elsevier; Reed AB. Popliteal artery aneurysm. Kirkwood ML. Iliac artery aneurysm. Unruptured intracranial aneurysm. Mayo Clinic; Office of Patient Education. Unruptured brain aneurysms. Collins KA.

Overview of abdominal aortic aneurysm. Abdominal aortic aneurysm. Related Mayo Clinic Minute: What is an aneurysm? News from Mayo Clinic Mayo Clinic researchers develop a tissue-derived bioactive gel to stop bleeding, aid in vascular healing July 08, , p. Mayo Clinic Marketplace Check out these best-sellers and special offers on books and newsletters from Mayo Clinic.

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