Joint Pain (Arthralgia) in Single or Multiple Joints
Technically, arthralgia is a symptom that refers to joint pain, while arthritis is a health condition that has symptoms of inflammation and pain in the joints. Though many experts and medical organizations agree upon these definitions, there are some doctors and healthcare professionals who may use the word arthralgia to refer to any type of joint pain, regardless of whether there's inflammation or not. Jan 09, · Arthralgia is pain in one or more of your joints. The pain may be described as sharp, dull, stabbing, burning or throbbing, and may range in intensity from mild to severe. There are many causes of arthralgia, including injury, infection, arthritis, and other ailments. The most common cause is arthritis, which is inflammation of the joints.
Arthralgia is a general medical term used to describe pain in one or more body joints. Joint problems can be caused by many different factors, including acute injuries, overexertion, arthritisand infectious diseases. Regardless of the cause, a person with arthralgia is likely to experience stiffness, tenderness, and a limited range of motion. Many types of joint pain can be treated with rest and over-the-counter medications, though severe arthralgia may require surgery and follow-up physical therapy to relieve symptoms.
Injury is the most common cause of this condition. Joint pain can be immediate, as with a direct blow or an awkward fall, or it can gradually worsen over time from repetitive overuse. Immediate damage to cartilagetendonsand other types of tissue inside and around the joints leads to inflammation and swelling. Pain is especially intense if the joint is dislocated or connective tissue is torn.
Chronic joint problems, such as bursitis and tendinitis, arise from overexerting joints; such conditions are very common in athletes and manual laborers. Arthralgia can also be the result of an infection or an autoimmune disorder. Hepatitis, measlesthe flu and what is a multi channel network other illnesses can cause joints to become sore and stiff.
Rheumatoid arthritis, a condition in which the immune system mistakenly attacks healthy mulltiple tissue, results in severe, persistent joint pain. A combination of genetics and general wear-and-tear can lead to osteoarthritiswhich causes cartilage and bone tissue to deteriorate over time. Since arthritis how to trace drawings in photoshop infections can affect many joints at once, pain can significantly limit a person's ability multiplf enjoy everyday activities.
A person who experiences mild arthralgia from an injury can usually treat the condition at home. Resting the joint for several days is important to allow the tissue to heal. Applying ice and taking over-the-counter anti-inflammatory drugs can help relieve pain and swelling and shorten healing time.
Once a joint starts feeling better, an arthralgiia can engage in light stretching exercises to regain strength and flexibility. An individual who experiences severe joint pain should visit his or her primary care doctor to receive a proper diagnosis and the appropriate treatment. A doctor can take x-rays and computerized tomography scans to view the extent of tissue damage. Depending on the cause of the problems, the physician may arthralgja high-strength pain relievers, antibiotics, or arthritis medication.
A patient may need to wear a brace or sling to immobilize the affected joint until it heals. In the case of significant tissue damage, the doctor may recommend surgery to repair or replace part of the joint.
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Arthralgia causes non-inflammatory joint pain. A person can experience this pain in just one area or joint, or it may affect multiple joints in the body. The joint pain can range from mild to severe and can come and go for a few minutes a day, or be constant throughout the day and night. Feb 16, · Arthralgia is a general medical term used to describe pain in one or more body joints. Joint problems can be caused by many different factors, including acute injuries, overexertion, arthritis, and infectious diseases. Regardless of the cause, a person with arthralgia is likely to experience stiffness, tenderness, and a limited range of motion. Hypermobility syndromes, where joints are lax and hypermobile (extending beyond the normal range of motion) and typically results in joint pain (arthralgia) and muscle pain (myalgia). More than one joint may be hypermobile and pain is typically seen in one joint at a time, although more active people with hypermobility syndromes may complain of pain in multiple joints.
Arthralgia is the term for pain in the joint s. It should not be mistaken with arthritis which is inflammation of the joints. Joint pain is almost always seen in arthritis since pain is another feature of inflammation. However, not every case of joint pain will be accompanied by joint inflammation and associated features like swelling, redness or heat may not be present. Joint pain is a symptom and not a condition on its own. Identifying the character of the pain; other signs and symptoms that present; trigger, exacerbating and relieving factors; and the site of the pain will assist with isolating a possible cause.
Mobility of the affected joint may be limited, sometimes due to swelling and degenerative changes, or restricted as a result of the exacerbation of pain. In arthralgia without swelling, or involvement of surrounding structures like the bursa, muscles, tendons, ligaments or bone the range of motion may still be normal.
Pain in the joints may be inflammatory or non-inflammatory. In inflammatory conditions, the pain is present both at rest and upon movement, while with non-inflammatory causes of athralgia , the pain may ease at rest and exacerbate upon movement.
Stiffness of the joints should also be noted as it is often a sign of an inflammatory response and often eases with movement as is seen in rheumatoid arthritis. It is also important to take note of whether the pain is within the joint itself intra-articular and localized, or diffuse thereby possibly originating from surrounding structures like to muscles per-articular.
Referred pain is when the pain originates from another site but radiates to the joint. The pain may move from one joint to another flitting and concomitant signs like a fever and rash is may also be present. Joint pain arthralgia can be categorized as :. This usually results in localized joint pain, which is often inflammatory and is due to injury or strain of a specific site. However generalized joint pain may be seen after trauma like high impact collisions road traffic accidents. Weight gain, which causes a change in the center of gravity, as well as an altered gait due to an injury, may also cause joint pain as these areas are strained due to the change in posture.
Joint pain is a common symptom of certain systemic infections, is usually non-inflammatory and affects multiple joints. Reactive arthritis may also occur as a result of an infection elsewhere in the body or after an infection post-infective like in rheumatic fever but is usually inflammatory in nature and affects multiple joints. Localized Infections This is usually inflammatory as microorganisms may invade the joint following trauma, from a neighboring site or less frequently through dissemination from a distant site.
This is known as septic arthritis. Usually only one joint is affected unless there was trauma of multiple joints and the invading pathogens had the opportunity to infect multiple areas.
While bacteria, mycobacteria, viruses and fungi may cause septic arthritis, bacteria are most commonly involved. Neisseria gonorrhoeae , Staphylococcus aureus and streptococci are the more common bacteria responsible.
Autoimmune causes often results in inflammatory joint pain arthritis , usually affecting more than one joint although it may initially present with inflammation of a single joint. Ask a Doctor Online Now! This typically results in non-inflammatory joint pain which often affects two or more joints although at times pain may only be present in a single joint.
Typically the pain is worse upon movement and eases with rest. Osteoarthritis is one of the main degenerative causes of joint pain. Although referred to as arthritis, the typical features of inflammation are often absent, except for pain. Bone and cartilage tumors usually cause non-inflammatory joint pain although some rapidly growing musculoskeletal cancers may result in joint inflammation along with pain.
Usually only one joint is affected although metastases may affect multiple joints simultaneously. Systemic effects of a tumor at a distant site may also result in joint pain and often affects more than one joint. Accumulation of crystals around or in a joint that causes inflammation and pain. This is seen with gout where there is a build up of urate crystals around the joint or in pseudogout where calcium pyrophosphate dihydrate CPPD crystals affect the joint lining.
Only one joint is usually affected. A rebound joint pain is often seen when chronic corticosteroids are stopped withdrawal. Certain medication like angiotensin-converting enzyme ACE inhibitors, glibenclamide, methyldopa, ciclosporin, isoniazid and barbiturates may cause arthralgia or arthritis.
It may be inflammatory or non-inflammatory in nature, typically affects more than one joint although sometimes pain in only a single joint is present. Please note that any information or feedback on this website is not intended to replace a consultation with a health care professional and will not constitute a medical diagnosis. By using this website and the comment service you agree to abide by the comment terms and conditions as outlined on this page.
What is Arthralgia? Signs and Symptoms of Arthralgia Joint pain is a symptom and not a condition on its own. Pain and movement Mobility of the affected joint may be limited, sometimes due to swelling and degenerative changes, or restricted as a result of the exacerbation of pain. Pain in or around the joint It is also important to take note of whether the pain is within the joint itself intra-articular and localized, or diffuse thereby possibly originating from surrounding structures like to muscles per-articular.
Types of Joint Pain Joint pain arthralgia can be categorized as : Inflammatory or non-inflammatory Swelling of the joint, along with redness of the overlying skin and warmth of the area, are signs of an inflamed joint arthritis. The absence of swelling, redness and warmth of affected joint, despite the pain, is an indication of non-inflammatory joint pain. Mono-, oligo-, polyarticular Monoarticular refers to one joint , whereas oligoarticular refers to two to four joints and polyarticular is more than four joints five or more.
This approach is often adopted for arthritis. Generalized or localized Generalized joint pain refers to diffuse pain , often with a regular change in the location of the joint pain flitting and may affect multiple joints simultaneously.
Localized joint pain refers to pain within a specific joint or joints. Causes of Joint Pain Trauma and Strain This usually results in localized joint pain, which is often inflammatory and is due to injury or strain of a specific site. Viral infections like chickenpox, hepatitis especially B and C , glandular fever, mumps, rubella. Bacterial infections like tuberculosis, subacute bacterial endocarditis, Lyme disease, septicemia.
Fungal infections Localized Infections This is usually inflammatory as microorganisms may invade the joint following trauma, from a neighboring site or less frequently through dissemination from a distant site. Autoimmune Autoimmune causes often results in inflammatory joint pain arthritis , usually affecting more than one joint although it may initially present with inflammation of a single joint.