WHS or OHS – which is it?
Jun 24, · Occupational health and safety (OHS) relates to health, safety, and welfare issues in the workplace. OHS includes the laws, standards, and programs that are aimed at making the workplace better for workers, along with co-workers, family members, customers, and other stakeholders. Improving a company's occupational health and safety standards ensures good business, a better brand . Aug 25, · An occupational health and safety (OH&S) policystatement should. express top management's commitment to the prevention of work-related. injury and ill-health and to the provision of a safe and healthy workplace.
Occupational health and safety OHS relates to health, safety, and welfare issues in the workplace. OHS includes the laws, standards, and programs that are aimed at making the workplace better for workers, along with co-workers, family members, customers, and other stakeholders.
Improving a company's occupational health and safety standards ensures good business, a better brand image, and higher employee morale. Occupational health and safety is concerned with addressing many types of workplace hazards, such as:. Occupational health and safety standards are in place to mandate the removal, reduction, or replacement of job site hazards. OHS how to register for ielts exam online in india should also include material that helps minimize the effects of the hazards.
Employers and company management are obliged to provide a safe working environment shat all of their employees. Toggle navigation Menu. Safeopedia explains Occupational Health and Safety OHS Occupational health and safety is concerned with addressing many types of workplace hazards, such as: Og Physical hazards Biological agents Psychological fallout Ergonomic issues Accidents Occupational health and safety standards are in place to mandate the removal, reduction, or replacement of job site hazards.
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An organization's occupational health and safety policy is a statement of principles and general rules that guides action. Senior (or top) management must be committed to ensuring that the policy is carried out with no exceptions. The health and safety policy should have the same importance as the other policies of the organization. Mar 15, · Work health and safety (WHS) – sometimes called occupational health and safety (OH&S) – involves the management of risks to the health and safety of everyone in your workplace. This includes the health and safety of anyone who does work for . Dec 13, · Work Health and Safety (WHS) and Occupational Health and Safety (OH&S) are important health and safety regulations for the workplace that businesses must follow. However, there is some confusion as to how they are similar and how they are different.
Easy-to-read, question-and-answer fact sheets covering a wide range of workplace health and safety topics, from hazards to diseases to ergonomics to workplace promotion. Download the free OSH Answers app.
Search all fact sheets:. A health and safety program is a definite plan of action designed to prevent incidents and occupational diseases.
Some form of a program is required under occupational health and safety legislation in most Canadian jurisdictions. A health and safety program must include the elements required by the health and safety legislation as a minimum. Further details about these elements are also available in other OSH Answers documents. Because organizations differ, a program developed for one organization cannot necessarily meet the needs of another. An organization's occupational health and safety policy is a statement of principles and general rules that guides action.
Senior or top management must be committed to ensuring that the policy is carried out with no exceptions. The health and safety policy should have the same importance as the other policies of the organization. At ABC Transport the safety and health of our workers comes first.
Management is committed to doing everything possible to prevent injuries, to promote prevention, and to maintain a safe and healthy environment. While organizations will have different needs and scope for specific elements required in their health and safety program, the following basic items should be considered in each case:. Health and safety is the joint responsibility of management and workers. Managers and supervisors are accountable for non-compliance to health and safety legislation.
Responsibility may be defined as an individual's obligation to carry out assigned duties. Authority implies the right to make decisions and the power to direct others. Responsibility and authority can be delegated to others, giving them the right to act for others, such as supervisors. It is important to note that, while some responsibilities can be delegated, the supervisor remains accountable for seeing that they are carried out. Individual responsibilities apply to every worker in the workplace, including the President or Chief Executive Officer.
Stating these responsibilities means that all workers will then know exactly what is expected in health and safety terms. Once all these criteria have been met, safety performance can be assessed by each individual's supervisor on an equal basis with other key job elements. Health and safety is not just an extra part of a worker's job: it is an integral, full-time component of each individual's responsibilities.
An effective safety program needs the cooperative involvement of all workers. A health and safety committee is a forum for collaborative involvement of employees representing both labour and management.
Such committees are legal requirements for organizations of a specified minimum size in all Canadian jurisdictions. When a committee may not be required, a worker representative may be appointed. The responsibilities of members of the committee or representative are detailed in the health and safety legislation across Canada.
To function properly, the committee needs an appropriate structure, a clear statement of purpose and duties, and standard procedures for meetings. An employer does this by establishing terms of reference for the committee and by allocating adequate resources.
The employer must establish a committee that is organized and operates in compliance with the law, is effective, involves the widest range of workers and management, and provides resources e. The committee does this by establishing terms of reference and the employer provides support by allocating adequate resources. Each organization should set up their own terms of reference.
More information is available in the health and safety committee documents listed below:. The health and safety committee members should be active participants in consulting, developing, implementing, and monitoring all phases of the health and safety program. Government health and safety regulations represent minimum requirements.
In almost all cases, organizations will exceed these regulations with rules or procedures that are specific to the organization, the work being done, the equipment used, etc.
We need rules — to protect the health and safety of workers — but there are dangers in having either too few or too many rules. Too few rules may be interpreted as a sign that health and safety are not important, or that common sense is all that is required to achieve them. Too many rules may be seen as not treating workers as thinking adults and makes enforcement of all rules less likely. Following are some guidelines for establishing rules:. Compliance with health and safety rules should be considered a condition of employment.
Rules must be explained to new workers when they start work or if they are transferred or retrained. After a suitable interval, these workers should be briefed to ensure they understand the rules applicable to their work.
The employer must establish procedures for dealing with repeat rule violators. Supervisors are responsible for correcting unsafe acts, such as a breach of rules, and they must be supported in this duty. Points that should be considered in establishing procedures on this issue are:.
Safe work procedures are the safest way of doing a job, job instruction, monitoring performance, and incident investigation. Job safety analysis JSA , also known as "job hazard analysis", is the first step in developing the correct procedure. In this analysis, each task of a specific job is examined to identify hazards and to determine the safest way to do the job.
Job safety analysis involves the following steps:. The analysis should be conducted on all critical tasks or jobs as a first priority. Critical jobs include:. Job safety analysis is generally carried out by observing a worker doing the job. Members of the joint health and safety committee should participate in this process.
The reason for the exercise must be clearly explained to the worker, emphasizing that the job, not the individual, is being studied. Another approach, useful in the analysis of infrequently-performed or new jobs, is group discussion. A work procedure may consist of more than one specific task. In such cases, each separate task should be analyzed to complete a job safety analysis for that procedure.
The final version of the safe work procedure should be presented in a narrative style format that outlines the correct way to do the job in a step-by-step outline. The steps are described in positive terms, pointing out the reasons why they are to be done in this way. Reference may be made to applicable rules and regulations and to the personal protective equipment required, if any.
Workers who carry out the tasks should be consulted in developing the procedure. Health and safety education should start with worker orientation when a worker joins the organization or is transferred to a new job. It has been found that inexperienced workers, in general, are involved in incidents at a higher rate than others.
While experience can only be gained through time, both health and safety education and job skills training can be used to improve this record. Orientation sessions normally cover such items as an explanation of the function of the work unit, organizational relationships, administrative arrangements, and various policies and rules. Security protocols e. A new employee can be expected to absorb only a certain amount of information in the first few days.
Be sure to pace the training to ensure all of the information or skills are learned. Other tips include to provide written information that outlines the points covered in the orientation sessions. It also serves as a checklist for the person conducting the orientation. A buddy or mentor system is useful. This system allows for on-the-job reinforcement of the information presented to the new employee.
This process also promotes the safety awareness of the experienced workers who are the "buddies". All workers, but especially new, inexperienced, or transferred workers, should be encouraged to ask questions at any time when doubt exists as to correct procedures or their ability to do the task safely.
The orientation should address:. Soon after the orientation sessions, employees should be assessed on their understanding of the items discussed. In this way, both the quality of training and the level of understanding can be evaluated.
Continue with education and training throughout their employment, as needed. The objective of education and training is to instruct recipients about health and safety procedures or specific job practices, and to raise awareness or skill levels to an acceptable standard.
The standard states that a supervisor "should be competent i. Organizations should define what constitutes an acceptable combination of knowledge, training, and experience in relation to the supervision of others performing tasks.
Workplace inspections help to identify existing hazards so that appropriate corrective action can be taken. Health and safety legislation requires workplace inspections as a proactive action to ensure workplace health and safety. The frequency of planned formal inspections may be set out in legislation. Records of previous incidents and the potential for incidents are factors to be included when determining if more frequent inspections are needed.
Supervisors are responsible for conducting their own inspections for the areas they are responsible for and for taking action on unsafe conditions and acts as they are reported or encountered.
General inspections may be conducted by health and safety committee members or representatives, especially if they have received training or certification. Other criteria for selecting the inspection team are:. Pre-planning any inspection is always worthwhile.
Documents, such as previous inspections, incident investigations, maintenance reports, and committee minutes, should be consulted. If a checklist is to be used, it should be reviewed and changed to meet specific needs of the workplace. Checklists are useful aids in that they help ensure that no items are overlooked in an inspection. One type of checklist is the "critical parts inventory". This inventory itemizes parts and items that may result in an incident if they fail.
While many ready-made checklists are available in safety literature, it is best to adapt these to your workplace. The joint health and safety committee should participate in the preparation of these tailor-made checklists.