The Alps are the highest and most extensive mountain range system that lies entirely in Europe, stretching approximately 1, km ( mi) across eight Alpine countries (from west to east): France, Switzerland, Monaco, Italy, Liechtenstein, Austria, Germany, and Slovenia. The Alpine arch generally extends from Nice on the western Mediterranean to Trieste on the Adriatic and Vienna at the. The Southern Alps (officially, Southern Alps / Ka Tiritiri o te Moana) is a mountain range extending along much of the length of New Zealand's South Island, reaching its greatest elevations near the range's western freedatingloves.com name "Southern Alps" generally refers to the entire range, although separate names are given to many of the smaller ranges that form part of it.
It is the highest range in Australasia. They vary in elevation from 3, feet metres to 16 peaks above 10, feet 3, metres and culminate in Mount Cook 12, mounyain [3, metres]. Glaciers descend from the permanently snow-clad top of the range, and major rivers, including the RakaiaRangitataand Waitakidrain eastward across the Canterbury Plains. The Alps divide the island climatically, the forested western slopes and narrow coastal plain of Westland being much wetter than the eastern slopes and o wide Canterbury Plains.
The Southern Alps have great hydroelectric potential, and, since the s, power stations have been built on the Waitaki River and its tributaries and at Lake Coleridge.
The Alps are what does well being means by a rail line passing through the Otira Tunnel 5. Southern Alps. Videos Images. Additional Thw. More About Contributors Article History. Print Cite verified Cite. While every effort has been made to follow th style rules, there may be some what cigarettes can do to your health. Please refer to the appropriate style manual or other sources if you have any questions.
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Survey with researchers on the impact of climate change on the Southern Alps glaciers, New Zealand. Overview of the Southern Alps, South Island, New Zealand, with a discussion of the impact of global warming on the mountain range.
Experience the vibrant life, outdoor adventures, and stunning landscapes of Queenstown, Thee Island, New Zealand. Learn More in these related Britannica articles:. The Southern Alps of New Zealand have resulted from this crustal shortening, which occurs by folding, by thrust faulting, and by vertical components of slip on predominantly strike-slip faults that trend southwest across the northern ranhe western parts of the island.
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Southern Alps, mountain range on South Island, New freedatingloves.com is the highest range in Australasia. Making up the loftiest portion of the mountains that extend the length of the island, the Alps extend from Haast Pass, at the head of Wanaka Lake, northeastward to Arthur’s freedatingloves.com vary in elevation from 3, feet ( metres) to 16 peaks above 10, feet (3, metres) and culminate in. Apennine Range, series of mountain ranges bordered by narrow coastlands that form the physical backbone of peninsular Italy. From Cadibona Pass in the northwest, close to the Maritime Alps, they form a great arc, which extends as far as the Egadi Islands to the west of Sicily. Their total length is. Himalayan Mountain Range. The Himalayan Mountain forms a broad continuous arc for nearly 2, km (1, mi) along the northern fringes of the Indian subcontinent starting from the bend of the Indus River at the northwestern region to the Brahmaputra River in the east. The Himalayan Mountain range averaging to km ( to miles) in width, rises sharply from the Gangetic Plain.
These mountains form a huge range of mountains which surround the western and southern edges of the Tibetan plateau. Himalayan Mountains separate the plains of the Indian subcontinent from those of the Tibetan plateau. The Himalayan Mountain forms a broad continuous arc for nearly 2, km 1, mi along the northern fringes of the Indian subcontinent starting from the bend of the Indus River at the northwestern region to the Brahmaputra River in the east.
The Himalayan Mountain range averaging to km to miles in width, rises sharply from the Gangetic Plain. The Himalayan Mountain range is the largest in the world and it exists wholly in Asia. Specific locations of the Himalayas in Asia are as follows:. About 14 mountains in the world exceed meters, six of which are near Tibet, with one 8,plus meter mountain, Shishapangma, lying wholly within the region. It runs along the entire northern edge of the country, the Himalayas form the natural boundary between Nepal and China and form the border between the two countries.
Nepal is home to about 31 of the many mountains in the Himalayan Range, with eight of the fourteen 8,plus meter tall mountains being in Nepal. Nepal has three of the 8, plus meter Mountains that lies wholly within its border, which are Dhaulagiri I, Manaslu, and Annapurna I.
Gangkar Puensum is the highest peak in Bhutan at 7, meters, followed by Kula Kangri 7,m , Jhomolhari 7,m , Tongshanjiabu 7,m , and Kangphu Kang 7,m. India has a relatively small area of Himalayan Mountains when compared with other countries in Asia.
Arunachal Pradesh in the east and Sikkim have short areas of mountains on their northern borders with China, while Himachal Pradesh and Uttarakhand in the north have the longest section of mountains. It lies in Uttarakhand at an elevation of 7, meters. Fact 1: The Himalayan Mountain system includes over fifty 50 mountains exceeding 7,m approximately 23,ft.
Fact 3: Due to its length, the Himalayan mountain system stretches across six countries in total. Fact 4: Total area of land covered by the Himalayas is about , square km. Fact 5: Many large perennial rivers in the world have The Himalayas as their source. Such rivers can classified as: The Ganges-Brahmaputra river system and the Indus river system.
Fact 6: The rivers on the western side of the Himalayas make up The Indus river system. Indus is the largest of all the rivers on that other side. Indus comes from Tibet, flows southwest to enter India and then moves to Pakistan to finally drain into the Arabian Sea. Fact 7: The other river system, known as the Ganges Brahmaputra system consists of three main rivers — the Yamuna, Brahmaputra and The Ganges. River Brahmaputra and others meet in Bangladesh to finally drain through the largest known river delta in world — the Sunderbans into the Bay of Bengal.
Fact 8: Himalayas is the home of several high peaks. It holds a record of the maximum number of highest peaks among any mountain range in the world. Out of 14 heights peaks in this world, The Himalayas hold 9.
Fact 9: The Himalayan Mount Everest is the highest peak in the world above sea level. It stands at 8, meters or 29, feet. Nanga Parbat and Makalu both exceed 8, meters in height. Fact The Himalayan Mountain region are geologically active, thus, the region is prone to natural phenomena such as tremors, landslides and earthquakes. The Great Himalayan Mountains remain perpetually covered with snow, which indicates that snow never melts there.
Sonia Madaan is a writer and founding editor of science education blog EarthEclipse. Her passion for science education drove her to start EarthEclipse with the sole objective of finding and sharing fun and interesting science facts. She loves writing on topics related to space, environment, chemistry, biology, geology and geography. When she is not writing, she loves watching sci-fi movies on Netflix. Related Posts