What are Hadith?
Definition of hadith. 1: a narrative record of the sayings or customs of Muhammad and his companions. 2: the collective body of traditions relating to Muhammad and his companions. Apr 14, · The term hadith (pronounced ha-DEETH) refers to any of the various collected accountings of the words, actions, and habits of the Prophet Mohammad during his lifetime. In the Arabic language, the term means "report," "account" or "narrative;" the plural is ahadith. Along with the Quran, the hadiths constitute the major holy texts for most members of the Islamic faith.
The term hadith pronounced ha-DEETH refers to any of the various collected accountings of the words, actions, and habits of the Prophet Mohammad during his lifetime. In the Arabic language, the term means "report," "account" or "narrative;" the plural is ahadith.
Along with the Quran, the hadiths constitute the major holy texts for most members of the Islamic faith. A fairly small number of fundamentalist Quranists reject the ahadith as authentic holy texts. Unlike the Quran, the Hadith does not comprise a single document but instead refers to various collections of texts.
And also unlike the Quran, which was composed relatively quickly following the death of the Prophet, the various hadith collections were slow to evolve, some not taking full shape until the 8th and 9th centuries CE. During the first few decades after the Prophet Muhammad 's death, those who directly knew him known as the Companions shared and collected quotations and stories related to the Prophet's life.
Within the first two centuries after the Prophet's how to save imovie video, scholars conducted a thorough review of the stories, tracing the origins of each quotation along with the chain of narrators through whom the quotation was passed. Those which were not verifiable were deemed weak or even fabricated, while others were deemed authentic sahih and collected into volumes.
Each hadith, therefore, consists of two parts: the text of the story, along with the chain of narrators which support the authenticity of the report. An accepted hadith is considered by most Muslims to be an important source of Islamic guidance, and they are often referred to in matters of Islamic law or what does the wonder years mean. They are regarded as important tools for understanding the Quaran, and in fact, provide much guidance to Muslims on issues not detailed in the Quran at all.
For example, there is no what is the meaning of hadith at all of the details of how to correctly practice salat—the five scheduled daily prayers observed by Muslims—in the Quran. This important element of Muslim life is entirely established by hadith. The Sunni and the Shia branches of Islam differ in their views on which ahadith are acceptable and authentic, due to disagreements on the reliability of the original transmitters.
Shia Muslims reject the Hadith collections of the Sunnis and instead have their own hadith literature. The best-known hadith collections for Shia Muslims are called The Four Books, which were compiled by three authors who are known as the Three Muhammads. Share Flipboard Email. Islam Expert. Huda is an educator, school administrator, and author who has more than two decades of experience researching and writing about Islam online.
Updated April 14, Cite this Article Format. The Importance of the "Hadith" for Muslims. Shahaadah: Declaration of Faith: Pillar of Islam. The Women in the Prophet Muhammad's Family.
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The Meaning of “Hadith”. Prophet Muhammad. Mar The term “ h ad i th” is one of the most used Islamic terms by both Muslims and non-Muslims. But despite its importance there is often a good deal of ambiguity about what it exactly means. It is often used inconsistently and inaccurately. Nature and origins. The term Hadith derives from the Arabic root ?-d-th meaning “to happen” and so “to tell a happening,” “to report,” “to have, or give, as news,” or “to speak of.”. It means tradition seen as narrative and record. From Hadith comes the Sunnah (literally, a “well-trodden path”—i.e., taken as precedent and authority or directive), to which the faithful conform in submission to the sanction that .
It might be defined as the biography of Muhammad perpetuated by the long memory of his community for their exemplification and obedience. The development of Hadith is a vital element during the first three centuries of Islamic history, and its study provides a broad index to the mind and ethos of Islam. Tradition in Islam is thus both content and constraint, Hadith as the biographical ground of law and Sunnah as the system of obligation derived from it.
In and through Hadith, Muhammad may be said to have shaped and determined from the grave the behaviour patterns of the household of Islam by the posthumous leadership his personality exercised. There were, broadly, two factors operating to this end.
One was the unique status of Muhammad in the genesis of Islam, and the other was the rapid geographical expansion of the new faith in the first two centuries of its history into various areas of cultural confrontation. Hadith cannot be rightly assessed unless the measure of these two elements and their interaction is properly taken.
The experience of Muslims in the conquered territories of west and middle Asia and North Africa was related to their earlier tradition. When Muhammad died, in ce , the gap thus created in the emotions and the mental universe of Muslims was shatteringly wide. It was also permanent. By the same stroke, scriptural mediation had ended, as well as prophetic presence. In all the new pressures of historical circumstance, where was direction to be sought?
Where, if not from the same source as the scriptural mouthpiece, who by virtue of that consummated status had become the revelatory instrument of the divine word and could therefore be taken as an everlasting index to the divine counsel? Ongoing history and the extending dispersion of Muslim believers provided the occasion and spur for the compilation of Hadith.
The appeal of the ordered recollection of Muhammad to the Islamic mind did not become immediately formalized and sophisticated. On the contrary, there is evidence that the full development of Hadith was slow and uneven.
Time and distance had to play their role before memory became stylized and official. The first generation had its own immediacy of Islamic experience, both within the life span of the Prophet and in the first quarter century afterward. It had also the familiar patterns of tribal chronicle in song and saga. Pre-Islamic poetry celebrated the glory of each tribe and their warriors. The proud history of which Muhammad was the crux was, naturally, the ardent theme, first of chronicle and then of history writing.
Both needed and stimulated the cherishing of tradition. The lawyers, in turn, took their clues from the same source. Article Introduction Nature and origins Historical development Literary tradition in pre-Islamic Arabia Developments of the 1st and 2nd centuries ah 3rd century ah and subsequent developments The science of Hadith Form of Hadith and criteria of authentication Classifications The compilations Sectarian variations Significance of Hadith Show more.
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